This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Institutional Theory Essay

6106 words - 25 pages

Institutional Theory Part One

Introduction of Institutional Theory What are institutions? The general understanding of institutions can be defined as a set of formal and informal rules of conduct, made by humans that facilitate coordination or govern relationships between individuals, organizations or

government. Examples of institutions include laws, regulations, customs, social and professional norms, culture, and ethics. Selznick (1949) notes that "the most important thing about organizations is that, though they are tools, each nevertheless has a life of its own". While he acknowledges rational view that organizations are designed to attain goals, he notes that the formal ...view middle of the document...

1

Sociological research on organizations arose through the mid-1970s. This overview is intended the links between institutional theory and previous traditions of sociological work on organizational structure, and to provide some contextual understanding of the receptivity of theorizing and both to clarify organizational researchers in the late 1970s to institutional theory as an explanatory framework. Institutional theory research underwent a significant change in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Much of modern institutional theory arose from the work of Berger and Luckman (1967), who argue that social reality is a human construction created through interaction (from Scott,1995).

Scott (1995) belief that the organizational procedures become valued as ends in themselves. Organization strikes bargains with the environment that can restrict the current goals or limit future possibilities. Organizational structures adapt based on individual actions and environmental pressures. He states that the overriding need for systems "is the maintenance of the integrity and continuity of the system itself". The process by which actions are repeated and given similar meaning by self and others is defined as “institutionalization". Institutional theory addresses the central question of why all organizations in a field tend to look and act the same (DiMaggio & Powell, 1983). The core concept of institutional theory is that organizational structures and processes tend to acquire meaning and achieve stability in their own right, rather than on the basis of their effectiveness and efficiency in achieving desired ends, such as the mission and goals of the organization (Lincoln, 1995). In the initial stages of the organizational life cycle, there is considerable variety in organizational forms. Over time, however, there is startling homogeneity in organizational structures and practices. Scott (1995 and 2004) has given posits definition of institutional theory as institutions are a critical component in the environment. Therefore, institutional theory focuses on the deeper and more resilient aspects of social structure. It considers the processes by which structures, including schemes, rules, norms, and routines, become established as authoritative guidelines for social behaviour.

2

Institutional theory posits that institutionalized activities occur due to influences on three levels: individual, organizational, and inter organizational (Oliver, 1997). On the individual level, managers follow norms, habits, customs, and traditions, both consciously and unconsciously (Berger and Luckmann, 1967). On the organizational level, shared political, social, cultural, and belief systems all support following traditions of institutionalized activities. On the inter organizational level, pressures from government, industry alliances, and expectations from society define what is socially acceptable and expected organizational behaviour, which pressures organizations...

Other assignments on Institutional Theory

Public And Private Agencies Essay

442 words - 2 pages Private and public agencies (Insert Names) (Institutional affiliations) The differences and similarities between public and private agencies, and their organizational structures and funding sources Public and private agencies functions differently as they offer services to client on daily basis. Bothe agencies have different methods of securing their funds in order to provide services to their clients where the private agencies sponsor

Thesis Essay

7419 words - 30 pages invest substantial financial resources in the recruitment of highachieving students. The resource theory has two principal limitations. First, certain resources, such as bright students and prestigious faculty, are finite. As a result, the institutional energies expended in recruiting high-achieving students and prestigious faculty serve merely to redistribute these finite resources rather than to add to the total pool of such resources. In

What Is The Role Of Institutions According To North? How Far Does This Theory Go Towards Explaining The Contours Of World Development In The Pre-Modern Growth Era?

1855 words - 8 pages What is the role of institutions according to North? How far does this theory go towards explaining the contours of world development in the pre-modern growth era? Maddison (2006) stated that he “would characterise the whole period 1000-1820 as ‘protocapitalist’”. He believes the transition from pre-modern to modern economic growth took place at around 1820. This will set the stage for this discussion. Within that period, there were two groups

Motivation

3266 words - 14 pages : Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs Physiological needs are those required to sustain life, such as: * air * water * nourishment * sleep According to Maslow's theory, if such needs are not satisfied then one's motivation will arise from the quest to satisfy them. Higher needs such as social needs and esteem are not felt until one

Counterproductive Syndrome

1927 words - 8 pages political, social and institutional framework in which the economic activity takes place. Gurthrie and Parket (1990) states that corporate reports cannot be consdered as neutral, unbiased documents …., but rather are ‘a product of interchange between the corporation and its environment and attempt to mediate and accommodate a variety of sectional interests.’ Chapter 8 – Systems oriented theories 2. Political Economy Theory (Cont’d

Rmg Sector Safe Working Environment

9772 words - 40 pages Carmelo Reverte Roberts, R. W.: 1992, ‘Determinants of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: An Application of Stakeholder Theory’, Accounting, Organizations and Society 17(6), 595–612. doi:10.1016/0361-3682(92)90015-K. Scott, W. R.: 1987, ‘The Adolescence of Institutional Theory’, Administrative Science Quarterly 32(4), 493–511. doi:10.2307/2392880. Simon, F. L.: 1992, ‘Marketing Green Products in the Triad’, Columbia Journal of World

The Comfort Care Concept At End Of Life

1997 words - 8 pages strengthened to engage in health-seeking behaviors, which further enhanced comfort" (Kolcaba, 2013, p.197). Major concepts described in the theory of comfort include such others not mentioned previously in this paper such as institutional integrity and intervening variables. These major concept derivations have led to recent developments and research in the nursing profession. Summary As I learned in reference of several theories of

17th Century Witchcraft Craze

2946 words - 12 pages occurred in 1661-1662, saw two hundred and six people accused of witchcraft. In Massachusetts in1692-1693, over one hundred and fifty individuals were arrested and sentenced, with more individuals unofficially pursued. It is important to note that the political factor theory states that once stability restored and authority was centralized, the witch hunts significantly decreased in number. Institutional factors On top of the social

Management

1366 words - 6 pages the firm. 2. The approach was mainly descriptive and institutional. The instruments of financing, the institutions and procedures used in capital markets, and the legal aspects of financial events formed the core of financial management. 3. The outsiders point of view was dominant. Financial management was viewed mainly from the point of the investment bankers, lenders, and other outside interests. The transitional phase begins around the

Connection And Web Evolution (Your Personal Sufficient Property For "Art")

831 words - 4 pages principle of art which, according to Weitz’s theory of the indefinable properties of art and also Dickie’s institutional theory of art (which does have two necessary properties but which are quite broad themselves), is that it is basically an open concept. I can consider my appreciation something like a spider web with many different points all leading to the middle. The outside of the web one could even say has an unlimited amount of potential linking

Corporate Governance

4334 words - 18 pages theoretical backgrounds. Agency theory and the stewardship theory has been widely used as a theoretical framework by many of these studies. Concerning the board of directors, a developing area of research is whether the CEO and board Chairman roles are split or not to be split (Dey, Ellen and Liu 2011). Agency theory proponent claims that in the best interests of shareholders it is necessary to have a separate Chairman of board and CEO (Nicholson and Kiel

Similar Documents

A Very Special Child Essay

4888 words - 20 pages classified as “strain theories.” These theories include anomie theory (Merton, 1938), institutional anomie theory (Messner and Rosenfeld, 1994), general strain theory (Agnew, 1985 and 1992), and relative deprivation theory (Crosby, 1976; Davis, 1959; Gurr, 1970; Runciman, 1966). Each theory argues that strain creates pressures and incentives to engage in criminal coping as a response to the strain experienced, though each differs with respect to what

Governing The Commons The Evolutions Of Institutions For Collective Action

5562 words - 23 pages at which capital infrastructure will detoriate , decision making becomes difficult for these. The Institutional Analysis and Development Framework Introduction Institutional Analysis and Development Framework emerged from the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, Bloomington. Pioneered by Elinor and Vincent Ostrom, it is the product of multiple collaborations among researchers from around the world who are

Feminist Social Theory Essay

563 words - 3 pages Name Course Tutor Date Feminist Social Theory. The feminist social theory calls for equality for both genders- men and women. It entails studying gender inequality, the roles of women in the society, their experiences, duties and their contribution in fields such as, among others, sociology, and literature. The theory has been studied examined and expanded by several analysts such as sociologist Dorothy Smith, Patricia Hill Collins and

Strategic Planning Essay

4766 words - 20 pages and the academic culture differ in almost every important respect: the former has an institutional focus, the latter a disciplinary focus; one emphasizes speed, change, and short life cycles, the other values tradition and long-term commitments to research and theory. Rather than control, then, the advantages of formal planning in the university seem to revolve around communication, education, prioritization, consensus building, and most important