This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Indicadores Macroeconomicos Essay

1511 words - 7 pages

nINDICADORES MACROECONOMICOS
Tomando como tema central el concepto de macroeconomía, uno de los conceptos más importantes y nombrado por los tres autores fue el concepto de PIB (producto interno bruto)
¿Qué es el PIB?
Según Parkin: Es el valor de mercado de todos los bienes y servicios finales producidos en un país durante un cierto periodo. Esta definición contiene cuatro elementos:
* Valor de mercado: se utiliza para medir la producción total, hay que sumar la producción de bienes distinto.
* Bienes y servicios finales: es un articulo final que obitene el usuario. Contrasta con un bien intermedio, que es un componente final.
* Producidos en un país: solo los ...view middle of the document...

El crecimiento del PIB real no es una medida perfecta para estos tres propósitos, aunque tampoco es equivocada ya que excluye las mejoras en la calidad, la economía subterránea, la salud , la producción en el hogar y la esperanza de vida
Según Samuelson : El PIB es el nombre que se asigna al valor total de los bienes y servicios finales en el mercado, producidos en un país durante un año.
¿Cómo miden los economistas el PIB?
Dos medidas del producto nacional: Flujo de bienes y flujo de ingresos
Enfoque del flujo de productos.- La suma de todo el dinero gastado en consuimir los bienes de consumo final y llegara el PIB total de esta economía.
Enfoque de los ingresos o de los costes.- Se calcula como el total de los ingresos (salarios, intereses, rentas y beneficios), que son los costes de producir los productos de consumo final en la sociedad.
Como el beneficio es un residual, ambos métodos producen exactamente el mismo PIB total

Cuentas nacionales derivadas de contabilidad de las empresas
La fuente más importante de datos es la contabilidad de las empresas. Una cuenta de una empresa o paisa es un registro numérico de todos los flujos ( costes, productos)durante un periodo.
PIB real y nominal: Como deflactar el PIB mediantes un índice de precios.
PIB real: Es un índice del volumen o cantidad de bines y servicios producidos. Medimos el PIB real multiplicando la cantidad de bines por un precio fijo. 
PIB nominal: Se utilizan los precios de mercado reales de ese año. 

Deflactor del PIB: Se calcula dividendo el PIB nominal por el PIB real, lo que nos resulta un indicador general de precios. 
Para tener en cuenta las variaciones rápidas de los precios relativos se utiliza ponderaciones encadenadas para elaborar el PIB real y los índices de precios. 

La inversión y la formación de capital 
La inversión consiste en los aumento de los edificios, equipos y existencias durante un año. Implica sacrificar consumo actual para aumentar el consumo futuro. 

Inversion neta y bruta: 
Inversion neta: Es la suma de todas la maquinas, fábricas y edificios construidos durante un año menos la depreciación. La deprecion de capital se refiera a la cantidad de capital que se ha gastado durante un año. 
Inversion bruta: Significa que la inversión comprende todos los bienes de inversión producidos y no se ajusta. Es decir todas la maquinas, fábricas y edificios construidos durante un año. 

El estado
Para medir la aportación del Estado en el PIB añadimos simplemente todas estas compras del Estado al flujo de consumo, inversión y, como veremos más adelante las exportaciones netas. En este caso excluimos las transferencias que son pagos que el Estado efectúa sin recibir a cambio ninguna bien o servicio, por ejemplo, el seguro de desempleo, las prestaciones a los veteranos y las pensiones por invalidez o vejez. También se omite el pago sobre los intereses de la deuda púbica ya que se consideran una transferencia. 
Cuando el Tesoro mide sus...

Other assignments on Indicadores Macroeconomicos

Course Syllabus Essay

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management Essay

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages Should physician-assisted suicide be legal? While I believe if one chooses to end his or own life through physician assistance for reasons that they chose, the choice should be up to the individual. Physician-assisted suicide should be at one's discretion. “Assisted Suicide, also called Voluntary Euthanasia, is currently a contentious issue in many countries. Because Euthanasia is legal in a few modern democracies: the Netherlands, Belgium

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one

Nnnnn

1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages The short story ”The Penis” is written by Hanif Kureishi. The short story is about a penis, which has been separated from its owner Doug, who we hear from later on. At first though we hear about a guy called Alfie who was “a cutter – a hairdresser – and had to get to work”. He is having breakfast with his wife, when she asks him what he did last night, and if he had a good time last night? Alfie can not remember what he did last night, he then

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of care

Media

439 words - 2 pages The life expectancy is lower; so people are not kept alive with drugs for decades in a virtual sleep state. There is less state education; so kids don't have it drilled into them that their only goal in life is to make money, at the cost of 'everything' else. The health care is less; so diseases, usually brought by Westerners, kill many more than they do in countries where drug companies can make a fortune from selling medicines that aren't

Chapter 6 International Business

7113 words - 29 pages CGGGG The Political Economy of International Trade Chapter Outline OPENING CASE: Why Are Global Food Prices Soaring? INTRODUCTION INSTRUMENTS OF TRADE POLICY Tariffs Subsides Country Focus: Subsidized Wheat Production in Japan Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraints Local Content Requirements Administrative Polices Antidumping Policies Management Focus: U.S. Magnesium

Scope And Goals

279 words - 2 pages Introduction: Kudler Fine Foods is a specialty food store based in San Diego, California with its three locations in La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Kudler Fine food prides itself on offering fresh and organic products that are carefully selected from local farmers and around the world. The organization has recently taken the initiative to start a Frequent Shopper Program to market and increase sales. This program will offer the customers a

Meerkat

251 words - 2 pages Meerkat The meerkat or suricate, Suricata suricatta, is a small mammal belonging to the mongoose family. Meerkats live in all parts of theKalahari Desert in Botswana, in much of the Namib Desert in Namibia and southwestern Angola, and in South Africa. A group of meerkats is called a "mob", "gang" or "clan". A meerkat clan often contains about 20 meerkats, but some super-families have 50 or more members. In captivity, meerkats have an average

Similar Documents

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and