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Imperialism Essay

2117 words - 9 pages

Name ____________________________________________ Date ________ Period _____

Primary Documents: Imperialism

Directions: Read the three documents related to imperialism and answer the questions on a separate sheet of paper.

Stanley Searches for Livingstone in Africa – Henry M. Stanley (1871)

1. Traveling through Africa (often called “going on safari”) was often seen as a big adventure by Europeans. As Stanley’s journey was coming to an end and he marched toward the village in which he believed he would find Dr. Livingstone how did he seem to feel? Explain.
2. Why do you suppose Stanley made such a dramatic entrance as he approached the village?
3. Henry Stanley’s ...view middle of the document...

Later in the poem, after graphically describing the brutality of imperialism, Harrison refers to the “fraud of freedom” perpetrated by the imperialists to “cloak [their] greediness”. What does he mean?

Comparing the Two Poems

11. How does the structure of the second poem reflect the first?
12. In “The White Man’s Burden” who does Kipling say will benefit from imperialism? How does that differ from Harrison’s “The Black Man’s Burden”? Who do you think is more accurate?
13. Choose a stanza from each poem to contrast creatively. You must use the same stanza from each poem in your product (this means that if you use the first stanza from Kipling you must also use the first stanza from Harrison) in order to maintain thematic uniformity. You can produce a drawing, a written analysis, rewrite a song…really, anything you would like…but make sure to clearly show the correlations and distinctions between the two poems.

Stanley Searches for Livingstone in Africa – Henry M. Stanley (1871)
One of the great newspaper stories of the late 1800s revolved around the disappearance of Scottish missionary David Livingstone while he was exploring Central Africa. Although much of Africa was still uncharted territory, the New York Herald sent a reporter, Henry Morton Stanley, to find Livingstone. Here is Stanley’s account of the final hours of his quest in 1871, including his now famous greeting, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

A couple of hours brought us to the base of a hill, from the top of which the Kirangozi said we could obtain a view of the great Tanganyika Lake. Heedless of a rough path or of the toilsome steep, spurred onward by the cheery promise, the ascent was performed in a short time. I was pleased at the
sight; and, as we descended, it opened more and more into view until it was revealed at last as a grand inland sea, bounded westward by an appalling and black-blue range of mountains, and stretching north and south without bounds, a grey expanse of water.
From the western base of the hill was a three hours’ march, though no march ever passed off so quickly. The hours seemed to have been quarters, we had seen so much that was novel and rare to us who had been travelling so long on the highlands. The mountains bounding the lake on the eastward receded and the lake advanced. We had crossed the Ruche, or Linche, and its thick belt of tall matted grass. We had plunged into a perfect forest of them and had entered into the cultivated fields which supply the port of Ujiji with vegetables, etc., and we stood at last on the summit of the last hill of the myriads we had crossed, and the port of Ujiji, embowered in palms, with the tiny waves of the silver waters of the Tanganyika rolling at its feet, was directly below us.
We are now about descending—in a few minutes we shall have reached the spot where we imagine the object of our search—our fate will soon be decided. No one in that town knows we are coming; least of all do...

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