The Impact of Legal and Illegal Immigration in The United States |
Sandra Jakobsen |
The United States is a combination of people from the whole world. Every year millions of immigrants enter the borders in hope of a better life living the ‘’American Dream’’. The opportunities and freedom the nation can provide motivates these people to leave everything they have and do all it takes to start a new life. The majority of ethnicities that are highest of the country’s immigration status are Europeans, Asians and Latin’s, but the people behind the border to Mexico dominate these statistics. Legal or illegal these people have a huge impact on the American society and many ...view middle of the document...
To visit the United States is a very long, expensive and challenging progress. I started my visa application a year before I arrived in New York. The purpose of my stay is educational so I applied for an educational visa that lasts from August 2012 until June 2013. You have to fill out an application online, which took me more than a week to do, and then I had to personally make an appointment at the US embassy in Oslo, the capital of Norway where I am from. After paying all travel expenses to get there, an interview, fingerprints, payment of $250 and a new passport I was all set. The visa was mailed to me a few weeks before I left and that piece of paper is the most important thing I own while staying in the US. Of course I made copies. My visa expires on June 30, which means I have to be out of the country before that. If you wish to stay longer it is possible to apply for an extension or get a new visitor visa for a maximum of 30 days. If you do not leave the country or apply for a new visa you are breaking international law and you are considered an illegal immigrant. When the Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) finds you, you will be deported back to your home country. As you can understand, the visa application process is long and complicated process. Then what about the long-term immigrants?
The lawful permanent residents have two requirements to get a “green card” status in the US: They can come for work or if they already have family members living the country (US-Immigration). The problems with legal immigration are many. The biggest problem is the long waits. The application process is very long, costly and challenging in itself, but even once you are accepted it can take up to 15 years to become a US citizen. Another problem is the high costs. It cost $3000 to $6000 to sponsor a foreign born professional today. Think about it, the biggest reason why immigrants come to the United States is to work and improve their income. How can we expect them to have $5000 when they come here? This prevents many immigrants to apply for legal citizenship because they can’t afford it (John F. Stossel). In the worst case this lead can lead to more crime because we already now that these people are willing to do anything to stay. Another problem is that low numbers are allowed. The US have a population of 315 million people (2012) and 12.5 percent of them are immigrants (United Sates Census). In 2013 the employment-based visas, also called green card visas was limited to 140,000 per year. This varies by year, but 140,000 people in a population of 315 million people are simply outrageous. Keep in mind that these are employment-based visas which means only high skilled and well-educated people can apply. The low skilled visas are limited to 10,000 per year (US-Immigration/PIG notes).
I introduced by saying that immigrants come to the United States seeking a better life and looking for the “American Dream”. There are...