Immanuel Kant was born April 22, 1724 and died February 12, 1804. He lived throughout his life in what we know today as Kaliningrad, Russia. He is a well-known and studied philosophical researcher, lecturer, and writer whose main interests include epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and logic. After learning of David Hume, Kant began to develop his own ideas of morals and values. Although Kant has many writings one of his greatest pieces is his, “Critique of Pure Reason” (1781). He is also well known for his moral cade, ‘The Categorical imperative’ and ‘Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, and Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals.’
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According to Kant,the mind has “categories of understanding” which make sense of the world. The mind according to him cannot experience anything that is not filtered through the mind’s eye. He claims, “Perception is reality”. He means that everyone’s perceptions are different and our minds create images of these perceptions. Therefore we will never know the true reality of nature because of different perceptions. Kant did however feel that we have intuitions to the nature of the noumenal world. I feel like these theories are definitely true because no two people are alike and will not perceive things in the same exact way.
Kant discusses ethics in regards to morality in his Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, and Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). He thinks that reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. Actions, he believes, must come from a sense of duty dictated by reason, and no actionsthat are done solely in obedience to laws are moral acts. Like Kant I believe that moral acts are done for the “right” reasons. He also thinks as do I that any promises made for the wrong reasons are immoral and it would be better to not make the promise. Morality includes treating everyone with value, dignity, and respect.
Two types of common acts by reason according to Kant are the hypothetical imperative and the categorical imperative. Hypothetical acts dictate a course of action to reach a specific end while categorical acts denotes an absolute, unconditional requirement that asserts authority in all cases .A hypothetical act example...