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Iloveyouni Essay

4256 words - 18 pages

Detailed Scheduling and Planning Terminology
Action message | An output of a system that identifies the need for, and the type of action to be taken to correct, a current or potential problem. Examples of action message in an MRP system include release order, reschedule in, reschedule out, and cancel. Syn: exception message, action report. |
Activation | Putting a resource to work |
Aggregate planning | A process to develop tactical plans to support the organization’s business plan. Aggregate planning usually includes the development, analysis, and maintenance of plans for total sales, total production, targeted inventory, and targeted customer backlog for families of products. The ...view middle of the document...

It is an “uncashed” stockroom requisition. 2) A process used to distribute material in short supply. Syn: assignment. |
Alternate routing | A routing that is usually less preferred than the primary routing but results in an identical item. Alternate routing may be maintained in the computer or off-line via manual methods, but the computer software must be able to accept alternate routing for specific jobs. |
Availability | The percentage of time that a worker or machine is capable of working. The formula is availability=(S-B)/Sx100%. Where S is the scheduled time and B is the downtime. |
Available time | The number of hours a work center can be used, based on management decisions regarding shift structure, extra shifts, regular overtime, observance of weekends and public holidays, shutdowns, and the like. |
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Budgeted Capacity | The volume/mix of throughput on which financial budgets were set and overhead/burden absorption rates established. |
Buffer management | In the theory of constraints, a process in which all expediting in a shop is driven by what is scheduled to be in the buffers (constraint, shipping, and assembly buffers). By expediting this material into the buffers, the system helps avoid idleness at the constraint and missed customer due dates. In addition, the causes of items missing from the buffer are identified, and the frequency of occurrence is used to prioritize improvement activities. |
Buffer Stock | Syn: safety stock. |
| Safety stock: 1) In general, a quantity of stock planned to be in inventory to protect against fluctuations in demand or supply. 2) In the context of master production scheduling, the additional inventory and capacity planned as protection against forecast errors and short-term changes in the backlog. Over planning can be used to create safety stock. |
Business-to-business commerce (B2B) | Business conducted over the internet between businesses. The implication is that this connectivity will cause businesses to transform themselves via supply chain management to become virtual organizations—reducing costs, improving quality, reducing delivery lead time, and improving due-date performance. |
By-product | A material of value produced as a residual of or incidental to the production process. The ratio of by-product to primary product is usually predictable. By-products may be recycled, sold as-is, or used for other purposes. See: Co-product. |
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Calculated capacity | Syn: rated capacity. (The expected output capability of a resource or system. Capacity is traditionally calculated from such data as planned hours, efficiency, and utilization. The rated capacity is equal to hours available x efficiency x utilization. Syn: calculated capacity, effective capacity, and nominal capacity, standing capacity. |
Capacity available | The capability of a system or resource to produce a quantity of output in a particular time period. Syn: available capacity. |
Capacity control | The...

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