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Ideal Person According To Confucius Essay

454 words - 2 pages

The Ideal Person According To Confucius

The Ideal Person According To Confucius
Confucianism is a belief system developed by Confucius and Chinese tradition. It encompasses the importance of educational and moral development in individuals. The perfect human being must have the qualities of saint, scholar, and gentleman. To accomplish this, one must adhere to the guidelines of the ‘Five Great Relationships and the Five Virtues.
The ideal person, according to Confucius, would be the junzi. This is the definitive noble human being. The junzi would have been taught virtue from a young age, thus these ideals are completely innate. Some of these virtues are faithfulness, modesty, compassion and ...view middle of the document...

In addition to the appreciation of the Five Great Relationships, it is necessary to live by five distinct virtues. The first virtue is represented by Ren. Ren can be described to the West as empathy; feeling for another human being. It is the consciousness of human relationships. The simple rule, “What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others” (Teo, 2009).
Another concept is Li. Li can be described to the West as doing what is proper. Li refers to the expression of Ren. It is more on the level of customs and etiquette. It consists of propriety and understanding one’s correct place in society.
Shu can be described as reciprocity. It is considering what the obligations to others should be and following through on those obligations. It is the right intent coupled with the right effort whether success follows or not (Hooker, 1999).
Wen can be described as cultural refinement. A belief that a successful society is always cultivated in the arts. These are poetry, calligraphy, painting, music and literature.
The final virtue is Xiao. It can be described as devotion and obedience. One must display dedication to the family unit.
In the pursuit to become an excellent human being, one must understand and exercise noble moral character.

Hooker, R. (1999). Shu and chung. Retrieved from

Teo, T. (2009). Chinese on the Retrieved from

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