Herron High School
In August of 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall in the gulf coast and left widespread devastation in its path. New Orleans was the hardest hit and most affected area in path of the hurricane. As well as physical damage, the hurricane had economic, social, political, and environmental effects on the entire eastern seaboard. The physical storm effects of hurricane Katrina reached states as far north as Ohio, and resulted in a large shift in population from southern states.
Hurricane Katrina was one of the most powerful storms to impact the United States in the last 100 years. During its time in the Atlantic and the central part of the ...view middle of the document...
Since some economic activity continues in both states, the loss will be less than that. Those parishes in Louisiana and the counties in Mississippi and Alabama that were declared presidential disaster areas accounted for 1.3% of total national personal income in 2003. (Global Insight)
From a social stand point, Hurricane Katrina caused major detriment to families, individuals and entire cities in the affected areas. Psychological and emotional harm stemming from mass population relocation, loss of life, and the overall chaos during and after the storm was vastly present and unmanaged. The emotional effects on children and adolescents were the most prevalent and most documented (Virginia Tech). A study done at Virginia Tech showed that symptoms of serious emotional disturbances “(SED)” were most commonly found in children who had experienced the death of a loved one (Virginia Tech).
In addition to the death toll, another important social factor was the mass movement of people and property damage costs. It is estimated that over 1 million people were evacuated and relocated to different states throughout the country before and after hurricane Katrina (Handwerk). Soon after the hurricane, estimated cost of lost and damaged property reached 125 billion dollars and insurance claims were expected to reach 60 billion dollars (Handwerk).
The political problems caused by Hurricane Katrina can be linked to multiple factors, however, the main argument is the questionable response time and effectiveness of the FEMA program. FEMA, also known as the Federal Emergency Management Agency became part of the department of homeland security in 2003 (FEMA) and is responsible for providing aid to victims during and as after natural disasters and major emergencies nationwide.
The timeliness of the FEMA response is still up for debate since “FEMA has long held that state and local governments should be prepared to survive 72 hours before federal intervention.” (Mike). Though it was already an expectation of both FEMA and state governments that responses could take up to 72 hours many people argue that the circumstances should have been considered more closely and action should have been taken to speed up the process.
Potentially the longest lasting effect of Hurricane Katrina was the environmental damage it left behind. A particularly troubling aspect of...