History of State and Federal Prisons
November 14, 2013
Since the beginning of the criminal justice system, when the English brought over the concept that is the foundation for our criminal justice system today, there has been a sought out concept: There must be a reason for punishing criminals other than simple vengeance. This usually happens within the criminal justice system, but not often do people have to pay for the crimes that they’ve done. As a result, the first penitentiaries, predecessors of prisons today, were built with a view to behavior modification procedures (Foster, 2006). Today we have these institutions called state and federal ...view middle of the document...
For being such a simple beginning concept, the most complex industry prevailed. During the late 19th Century, the majority of Americans took for granted the States’ Rights aspect of the Constitution for few questioned the sovereignty of the several states. As a result, each state developed a prison system similar to its neighbors yet decidedly different. Over time, these differences have been studied, expanded upon, rejected, and ridiculed. In most cases, Department of Corrections’ officials eliminate what does not work while keeping what does (Foster, 2006).
The state prison system has been in existence since the early 1800s with the building of Sing Sing state prison. Sing Sing state prison is one of the oldest state penitentiaries in existence today and is still in use. The state prison system is devised of a network of small prisons that hold most of the United States prison populations. The original history of the federal prison system started back in the 1890s but it was not until 1930 that president Hoover signed a bill establishing a federal prison system that would...