This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of Corrections Essay

1254 words - 6 pages

April 15, 2013

History of Corrections
* In 2011, the United States had about 6,977,700 inmates in its correctional facilities. Correctional facilities can also be referred to as jails, state prisons, and federal prisons. There are also many different security levels within jails, state prisons, and federal prisons. Let’s start by discussing what jails are, as well as a brief history.
* The term “jail” is used by counties and cities to house criminals for short periods of time. Jails normally house individuals who have been convicted to serve a short sentence, awaiting trial, people who have not yet posted bond and detainees who have been arrested on ...view middle of the document...

Jails and workhouses were two different facilities, but often jails would hold both populations. It wasn’t until the end of the eighteenth century that the United States adopted the concept of confinement for punishment and rehabilitation for offenders.
The term “corrections” was used as the function for dealing with criminal’s after a court sentences them. However, over time the boundaries of corrections has changed, and now corrections relates to individuals who are detained in jails that have been charged with crimes as well as pretrial services (Seiter, p. 5, 2011). Because of this broader characterization of corrections, correctional agencies have acknowledged that they often are required to deal with individuals who have yet to be found guilty and sentenced to punishment.
* In the 1800s, prison systems were originally called penitentiaries. Penitentiaries main purpose was to house inmates by way of solitary confinement and in cell work labor. Inmates were not allowed to speak to each other, and prison guards were required to keep inmates from seeing each other. In today’s society, prisons are used to rehabilitate criminals.
* State prisons have gone through a slow but deliberate transformation. Prison operations in the early eras were very similar to the pre 1930s federal prison system. According to Seiter (2011), there was no central control of prisons and legislatures allocating budgets and personnel directly to each individual prison (p. 154). State prison wardens had complete control over hiring and firing of staff as well as management and discipline of inmates.
As of the first half of the twentieth century, prisons were still run by wardens with no cabinet-level agency to oversee it. However, as state prison systems have increased, and their missions have become more complex, which has resulted from increasing intervention of courts defining expected constitutional standards; prisons have become more visible and accountable to the public (Seiter, p. 154, 2011). Because of this, many states have formed cabinet-level departments to oversee state prisons. The purpose behind developing cabinet-level-departments is to have some separation between politics and correctional policy. Correction board members are appointed by the governor and usually are made up of individuals from different political backgrounds.
The first federal prison system was established in 1930 when president Hoover signed a bill establishing the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons is in charge of prisoners who commit criminal acts considered to be felonies under the District of Columbia’s law. The establishment of the Bureau was to provide humane care of federal inmates, professionalism of prison staff, and to ensure consistent and centralized administration. The Bureau is also responsible for carrying out federal executions.
The federal prison system consists of five different security levels: minimum, low,...

Other assignments on History Of Corrections

History Of State And Federal Prisons

679 words - 3 pages would be as if building an institution, then having generation after generation add to it as they saw fit. After many generations, the institution would look nothing like its ancestor.  The same could be said of how both the State and Federal Prisons system developed.  The system today, for better or worse, looks nothing like the system imagined or believed could be developed. References Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Oakes, C.J. (n.d.). State and Federal Prisons: A History of Growth. Criminal Justice Law- Exploring Issues, Developing Issues.

Purpose And History Paper

851 words - 4 pages Purpose and History Norris R. Billingsley CJA 234 October 8, 2013 Yolonda Johnson Purpose and History In reference to the history of punishment for crimes, which date back as far as 450 B.C., some of the earliest methods of punishment are replaced by more efficient and humane methods of punishments or corrections. Punishments back then were harsher, brutal, and inhumane because people strongly believed in the retributive approach to

Probation System

1788 words - 8 pages %. Most probations programs are designed to protect the community by assisting judges in sentencing and supervising offenders, to carry out sanctions imposed by the court, help offenders change, support crime victims, and to coordinate and promote the use of community resources. Next, background parole in America’s criminal system is one of today’s most hotly debated topics in the criminal 30 years that community corrections have become a

Criminal Justice System Paper

2630 words - 11 pages components is easily dissected and explained. The major components of the criminal justice system are the police, the criminal courts and corrections (Schmalleger, 2008). These components work together to provide safety for the community as well as punishment and rehabilitation for criminal offenders (Schmalleger, 2008). The first component of the criminal justice system is the police. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend criminals

Criminal Justice

1432 words - 6 pages 1.Mary carpenter was an English educator and juvenile rehabilitator, who strongly advocated reformatories for juveniles and houses of corrections for the idle. She was a powerful influence in New South Wales into the 20th century. She stated, “treatment should be according to the individuals need rather than being controlled by the offense he or she committed.” Stress was on the quality and adaptability of the offender. The movement advocated

Union Out Of Control

1812 words - 8 pages wished to remain in office. Ferroggiaro describes the lack of discipline and how sick abuse is the norm within the Department of Corrections. Ferroggiaro’s advice to the governor in an upcoming fight is to expose the union for what it is: a political power machine that employs a ton of lawyers and has the finances to spend on misleading television ads (B6). Works Cited “CCPOA – Our History.” The California

Drug Court

853 words - 4 pages Many individuals enter into Drug Court each year from different walks of life. Each year in July, the National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) request data from community corrections to review arrest of past Drug Court graduates. Through April 1996 to May 2011, data came available on 1,409 individuals who entered Drug Court. The average age of someone who received services through Drug Court was thirty-two-years-old while two

Jails And Prison Comparison

1067 words - 5 pages , and (4)a reformatory regime in which inmates were confined to solitary cells but worked in common rooms during the day. The act also detailed the requirements for diet, uniforms, and hygiene for prisoners.” (Seiter, 2011) State and Federal Prison: The history of state and federal prisons goes way back to the 1700’s beginning with the Penitentiary Era (1790) which was created to have a more humane reaction to social defiance

The Purpose Of Incarceration

1143 words - 5 pages being the others. In the United States, punishment has always been the primary goal to achieve when dealing with individuals who commit acts of crime. Many theorists throughout history have argued which is more effective, punishment or rehabilitation. The effectiveness of punishment and rehabilitation has been analyzed to see the effects on victims and offenders and also the social and fiscal impact on our society. The Classical School of

Health Care Interview

1067 words - 5 pages Officer for 5 years. At the same time she observed many people working in the medical department. As she observed them she realizes that they were not giving them the proper treatment that they suppose to have. After the time passed by she decide to attend school to obtaining a Licensed Practical Nurse at the Heart of Georgia Technical College in Dublin, Georgia from 2001 to 2003. Then she received a job with the Department of Corrections where

Turabian Style

1093 words - 5 pages Denise Okuda. 1993. Star trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books. Journal Article Wilcox, Rhonda V. 1991. Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star trek: The next generation. Studies in Popular Culture 13 (June): 53-65. Newspaper or Magazine Article Di Rado, Alicia. 1995. Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles

Similar Documents

Corrections And Treatment Essay

805 words - 4 pages Corrections and Treatment COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENTS Sometimes when a juvenile is charged with a crime there are options available to them that does not include jail time. One option is community-based treatments, community-based treatments refers to efforts to provide care, protection, and treatment for juveniles that are in need. The two community-based treatments that I will focus on are probation and electronic monitoring

Intitutional Vs Community Corrections Paper

752 words - 4 pages INSTITUTIONAL VS. COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS PAPER Tierra Alexander June 5, 2016 CJS/255 Mitch Jessip In today’s world we never understand how the what it is as a prisoner to know the difference between institutional and community corrections. This being whether they are on probation, parole, or reentry of an institution. So with this being said I will let you know about this by comparing and contrasting the difference in the two corrections

Wrap Up Response Legal Paper On Corrections

983 words - 4 pages Wrap-up Q&A Response Paper Wrap-up Q&A Response Paper There are certain aspects that may impact legal sentencing, and they differ by authority; but many legal systems contain a set of suggestions for sentencing, including a least and highest possible punishment that may be added. Within that range, information of the legal offenses are often taken into consideration when figuring out what treatment might comprise sensible sentencing

Accounting Financial Management Essay

298 words - 2 pages Case Study 4: Why do public-sector projects fail? INTRODUCTION The public-sector is the portion of society controlled by national, state or provincial, and local governments. The composition of public-sector varies by country, but in most countries it encompasses universal, critical services such as national defense, homeland security, police protection, firefighting, urban planning, corrections, taxation, and various social programs. It is