The late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century were booming with settlers migrating westward in search of new resources and opportunity. After the end of the Revolutionary war, Americans were determined to build their own successful economy and government. Concepts of manufacturing were being developed and explored through Alexander Hamilton’s ideas. In fact the only way for Americans to improve their economic independence was to explore what was rightfully theirs by expanding westward. Westward expansion is one the main sources of American development and provided an additional source of freedom for settlers in the ...view middle of the document...
Along with U.S. expansion, a new innovation of “manufacturing” was beginning to develop in the east coast, particularly in the northern states where agriculture was not a popular means of living. Manufacturing was considered a key role in developing the Federalists’ vision of an American economy. Federalists, including the secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, began to discuss a nation that favored manufacturing and industry and how this would lead to an increase in commerce and produce and also develop a strong division of labor. Through a strong division of labor, the workforce would be able to perfect their occupation and output. Workers of particular skill would be grouped together resulting in a more efficient source of labor. Manufacturing differed from agriculture in Hamilton’s eyes in that agriculture does not allow for any extra power and ability to produce as much as a machine. Machines provided the advantage of “exerting ones imagination” which could then lead to even better methods of operations. With the idea of enhancing industry, the economy would have additional employment even for women and children. Alexander Hamilton considered women and children to be more of a hassle for the workforce. If not given employment through manufacturing, they would otherwise be counterproductive for the goal of economic independence, and even a burden on the community.
Through the establishment of westward expansion and manufacturing, this was believed to spark emigration from other countries to the United States. Hamilton enforced that having a government focused on equality and independence along with a growing economy of commerce, would give foreigners many reasons to emigrate. With foreigners emigrating to the U.S., the diversity of skills and labor force would both increase, thus leading to an improved and prosperous economy. Manufacturing in the Federalists eyes was also a way to deal with the expansion of settlements. Machinery was needed to keep up with the expanding economy because it allowed for more commerce and more revenue to be generated. Hamilton preferred a domestic market rather than a foreign market. Foreign markets could not be relied upon. By depending on their own source of revenue, the government was able to ensure a lasting and stable standard of living for their people.
With westward expansion at its peak, this led to many disagreements among settlers on ideas of economic improvement. In the early nineteenth century,...