History Essay

293 words - 2 pages

Spørgsmål til Verden efter 1914, s. 110-118

1) Forklar hvorfor de fascistiske ideologier ikke havde grobund i USA?
- USA var etnisk sammensat og uden europæernes historisk nationalitetsbegreb.

2) Hvornår krakkede børsen i New York og hvad kalder man dagen?
- 24 okt. 1929 - Den sorte torsdag

3) Hvorfor opstod krisen?
- Der var tale om overproduktion. USA havde fremgang, men så mistede de efterspørgsel i deres varer, hvilket gjorde, at kurserne der var spekuleret ...view middle of the document...

4) Hvilket år var arbejdsløsheden størst i USA og hvor mange var arbejdsløse?
- 1933 - 12,8 mio. arbejdsløse (24,9% af arbejdsstyrken)

5) Hvordan løste man kriseårerne i USA og hvem var arkitekt bag planen?
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1932 præsident). Staten griber ind i økonomien, ved at give hjælp til landmændene og iværksat store offentlige anlægsarbejdere, for at sænke arbejdsløsheden. Der kom sociallovgivninger for at hjælp dem, som havde de værste sygdomme. De indførte også arbejdspolitik for at give bedre konkurrence vilkår.

6) Forklar Keynes økonomiske politik?
- At staten i perioder med arbejdsløshed og lav vækst skulle give flere penge ud, end den krævede i skat for at øge efterspørgselen. I tider med stor efterspørgselen og lav arbejdsløshed skulle staten holde igen ved at lave overskud på statens regnskab, og derved trække penge ud af samfundet og dæmpe efterspørgselen.

7) Hvordan håndterede man krisen i Danmark og hvem stod bag forliget?
- Gjorde de samme ting, som i USA. Forlig mellem landstinget og folketinget. Kanslergade forliget.
8) Hvorfor havde hverken kommunismen eller fascismen gennemslagskraft i Danmark og USA?
9) Hvilken betydning fik 30’ernes krise for opfattelsen af statens rolle i det økonomiske liv?
-
10) Analyser retorikken i hhv. Kilde 16 og 17

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