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Henry Viii, Authority, Nation & Religion As Full Notes

1572 words - 7 pages

1511-12 | First War with France | Unable to sustain the campaign, due to poor alliance with Ferdinand of Spain and HRE, did nothing and pulled out. Spain used invasion as distraction to seize Navarre |
1513 | Battle of Spurs | Defeated the French, captured towns Therouanne and Tournai, neither of which were much use to England, but in peace treaty signed in 1514 with Louis XII, Henry was to keep the towns |
| Battle of Flodden | Scottish King James IV took advantage of Henry’s absence to invade England, Earl of Surrey’s troops defeated the Scots, James killed and Henry’s sister Margaret became regent |
1518 | Treaty of London | Wolsey drew up a treaty of universal peace, which united ...view middle of the document...

Spent £400,000, annual income was £100,000. Henry was let down by Charles who focussed all his attention recovering Milan |
| Battle of Pavia | Financial pressures meant Henry was obliged to withdraw, Charles achieved victory over France and captured the French king |
| Amicable Grant | To cover the costs of war, Wolsey sent out commissioners to collect a forced loan, which was imposed on 1/3 of incomes of the clergy and laity. Mass resistance led to the Grant being abandoned |
| Treaty of More | Henry gave up his claims to France and would receive an annual pension of £20,000 from France |
| Treaty of Westminster | England would enter a full alliance with France and either Francis or his son would marry Princess Mary |
1526 | League of Cognac | Alliance between France, the Papacy, Venice and Florence and intended to put pressure on Charles V to enter discussion to cease fighting |
| Diplomatic Revolution | Wolsey’s attempt to form an alliance with France and Italy to readdress the balance of power, causes resentment in England due to hatred of the French and alienates Charles |
| Eltham Ordiances | Wolsey reduced the number of the Bedchamber from 12 to 6, which provided an extra £107,000 a year |
1527 | Sack of Rome | Charles invade Rome and the Pope is essentially under his control, damaging Henry’s chance of a divorce politically |
| Treaty of Amiens | Wolsey continued to follow anti-Hapsburg and pro-French policy, which developed into a full alliance. England and France declared war on Charles in 1528 |
| Wolsey’s Secret Court | Wolsey was instructed to begin legal proceedings to free Henry from his ‘invalid’ marriage, set up a secret tribunal at Westminster where the validity of Papal Dispensation was attacked |
1529 | Treaty of Cambrai | Charles defeated Francis in June 1528, for Francis, no alternative but to agree with terms of Emperor and Charles’ control of Italy was confirmed. Highlighted clear failure of Henry & Wolsey’s policy = English delegates not invited to negotiations and had no influence over terms of treaty, Henry wasn’t considered an equal |
| Court of Blackfriars | Annulment decided at Blackfriars Court, judges were Wolsey and Campeggio. Catherine refused to acknowledge the validity of the court and appealed to Rome. Wolsey was dismissed shortly afterwards |
| Chancellor | Thomas More, Henry’s close friend was appointed Chancellor to replace Wolsey, executed on 6th July 1535 |
1532 | Supplication Against the Ordinaries | Petition to the King to take action against clerics who abused their legal powers, Henry demanded that all future change to canon law would require the consent of the monarch, which removed the independence of the Church and the authority of the Papacy |
| Submission of the Clergy | Attack on the Church rendered it virtually powerless as put it under royal control |
| Act of Annates | First stage in establishing royal supremacy and cut England’s ties to Rome,...

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