Hemodialysis And Peritonial Dialysis Essay

4337 words - 18 pages

Aims and Objectives
On the completion of the seminar students gain the knowledge regarding hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis and will utilize this knowledge with a positive attitude.
Specific Objectives
The group will able to;
* Define dialysis
* Describe the history of dialysis
* Explain the principles of dialysis
* Enumerate the indication of dialysis
* Explain details about hemodialysis
* Describe details about peritoneal dialysis
* List down the Psychosocial Issues In ESRD Patients
* Dietary Management Dialysis Patient
* Nursing Responsibilities

The introduction of dialysis as a lifesaving treatment for kidney failure was ...view middle of the document...

This help the living animals were dialysed in experimental conditions.
* In 1914 Hess & McGuigan were experimenting with dialysis in a pharmacology lab in Chicago. As a result they were able to transfer sugar from tissue to blood and from the blood across a collodion membrane.
* In 1920s the first dialysis performed on human was carried out by George Hass. He used hirudin as an anticoagulant and later a crude form of heparine. He was honoured as a pioneer of dialysis.
* In 1923 Heinrich Necheles was discovered contemporary dialyser.
* In mid 1930s purification of the heparin occur.
* In 1937 an American scientist, William Thalhimer use first synthetic membrane.
* In 1945 William Kolff first clinical experience was gained on a 29 year old women with chronic nephritis. The blood urea was kept stable for 26 days but after 12 sessions of dialysis her blood urea began to increase and she subsequently died.
* After the world war Kolff technique was wildly used.
* In 1950s Allis Chalmers Corporation was one of the first companies to produce dialysis machine commercially.
* In the late 1950s Fredrik Kiil of Norway made more modification in the field of dialyser.
* In 1960s the forerunner of today’s capillary – flow dialyser was produced by Richard Stewart.
* Belding Scribner was introduced the shunt to provide vascular access in dialysis.
* Followed by this invention hemodialysis started.
* In late 1970s and early 1980s the continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis as the first choice of home treatment.
* The innovations in the field of dialysis is reaching up to the satellite dialysing unit nowadays. And the patient surveillance rate also increase.
Principles of Dialysis
Solutes and water move across a semipermeable membrane from the blood to the dialysate or from the dialysate to the blood in accordance with concentration gradient. The principles of dialysis are diffusion, osmosis and ultra-filtration.
* Diffusion: Diffusion is the movement of solutes from an area of greater concentration to an area of lower concentration. In Kidney failure cases urea, creatine, uric acids and electrolytes move from the blood to the dialysate with the net effect of lowering their concentration in the blood. RBC s WBC s and plasma proteins are too large to diffuse through the pores of the membrane. Hemodialysis patient are exposed to 120 to 130 L of water during each dialysis treatment. Small molecular weight substances can pass from the dialysate in to patient’s blood. So the purity of water used for dialysis is monitored and controlled.
* Osmosis: Osmosis is the movement of fluid from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration of solutes. Glucose is added to the dialysate and creates an osmotic gradient across the membrane, pulling excess fluid from the blood.
* Ultra...

Other assignments on Hemodialysis And Peritonial Dialysis

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our


1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages , and Switzerland. In the Netherlands, voluntary euthanasia has been legal since 1983, with some 3,000 people requesting it each year. In Australia, assisted suicide was legalized in the Northern Territory with the backing of a substantial majority of the local population, but was then overthrown by the Federal Senate before anyone could actually use the new law. However, in Oregon and California, state legislation has been passed to allow for

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one


1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages The short story ”The Penis” is written by Hanif Kureishi. The short story is about a penis, which has been separated from its owner Doug, who we hear from later on. At first though we hear about a guy called Alfie who was “a cutter – a hairdresser – and had to get to work”. He is having breakfast with his wife, when she asks him what he did last night, and if he had a good time last night? Alfie can not remember what he did last night, he

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of


439 words - 2 pages day, that they are worse off than we are. People continue to believe what the mass media tells them. Kenya's tourism industry is undergoing a transformation - from the mass tourism of the seventies and eighties, when cheap package holidays were the norm, to the development of a quality-tourism product. Claire Footit reports. Laissez-faire policies towards tourism development in the seventies and eighties made Kenyan tourism a victim of its

Chapter 6 International Business

7113 words - 29 pages CGGGG The Political Economy of International Trade Chapter Outline OPENING CASE: Why Are Global Food Prices Soaring? INTRODUCTION INSTRUMENTS OF TRADE POLICY Tariffs Subsides Country Focus: Subsidized Wheat Production in Japan Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraints Local Content Requirements Administrative Polices Antidumping Policies Management Focus: U.S. Magnesium

Similar Documents

Hemodialysis And Its Impact To End Stage Renal Disease Patients

1539 words - 7 pages , 2002). The effectiveness of this process (hemodialysis), is influenced by four factors, these are; remedies or solutions, liquid limitation, participation at dialysis sessions and adherence to dietary rules (Esra, 2013). Dietary rules prescribed to patients with kidney disease involve restrictions on proteins consumption, sodium and potassium intake (Ronco, 2002). 2.0 Introduction When critiquing research, the principal objective

Case Dialysis Assistance Inc Essay

719 words - 3 pages Part A: Cost concerns at Dialysis Dialysis Assistance is a full-service dialysis clinic for patients with kidney problems. Typically these patients cannot be cured, but they can maintain their current quality of life by a dialysis treatment. There are two types of patients, the hemodialysis patients (HD) and the peritoneal dialysis patients (PD). The HD-patients need more intensive monitoring. They visit the hospital three times a week where

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey