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Hello Essay

1028 words - 5 pages

Injurious Adulterants/Contaminants in Foods and their Health Effects

S.No

Adulterant

Foods Commonly Involved

Diseases or Health Effects



Adulterants in food




1

Argemone seeds

Argemone oil

Mustard seeds

Edible oils and fats

Epidemic dropsy,

Glaucoma,

Cardiac arrest

2

Artificially coloured foreign seeds

As a substitute for cumin seed,

Poppy seed, black pepper

Injurious to health

3

Foreign leaves or exhausted tea leaves, saw dust artificially coloured

Tea

Injurious to health, cancer

4

TCP

Oils

Paralysis

5

Rancid oil

Oils

Destroys vitamin A and E
...view middle of the document...

Continuous use of food contaminated with these metals beyond safe limits may cause these diseases



Bacterial contamination




20

Bacillus cereus

Cereal products, custards, puddings, sauces

Food infection (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea)

21

Salmonella spp.

Meat and meat products, raw vegetables, salads, shell-fish, eggs and egg products, warmed-up leftovers

Salmonellosis (food infection usually with fever and chills)

22

Shigella sonnei

Milk, potato, beans, poultry, tuna, shrimp, moist mixed foods

Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery)

23

Staphylococcus aureus

Entero-toxins-A,B,C,D or E

Dairy products, baked foods especially custard or cream-filled foods, meat and meat products, low-acid frozen foods, salads, cream sauces, etc.

Increased salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramp, diarrhoea, severe thirst, cold sweats, prostration

24

Clostridium botulinus toxins

A,B,E or F

Defectively canned low or medium-acid foods; meats, sausages, smoked vacuum-packed fish, fermented food etc.

Botulism (double vision, muscular paralysis, death due to respiratory failure)

25

Clostridium.perfringens

(Welchii) type A

Milk improperly processed or canned meats, fish and gravy stocks

Nausea, abdominal pains, diarrhoea, gas formation

26

Diethyl stilbestrol (additive in animal feed)

Meat

Sterlites, fibroid tumors etc.

27

3,4 Benzopyrene

Skoked food

Cancer

28

Excessive solvent residue

Solvent extracted oil, oil cake etc.

Carcinogenic effect

29

Non-food grade or contaminated packing material

Food

Blood clot, angiosarcoma, cancer etc.

30

Non-permitted colour or permitted food colour beyond safe limit

Coloured food

Mental retardation, cancer and other toxic effect.

31

BHA and BHT beyond safe limit

Oils and fats

Allergy, liver damage, increase in serum chloresterol etc.

32

Monosodium glutamate(flour) (beyond safe limit)

Chinese food, meat and meat products

Brain damage, mental retardation in infants

33

Coumarin and dihydro coumarin

Flavoured food

Blood anticoagulant

34

Food flavours beyond safe limit

Flavoured food

Chances of liver cancer

35

Brominated vegetable oils

Cold drinks

Anemia, enlargement of heart

36

Sulphur dioxide and sulphite beyond safe limit

In variety of food as preservative

Acute irritation of the gastro-intestinal tracts etc.

37

Artificial sweetners beyond safe limit

Sweet foods

Chances of cancer



Fungal contamination




38

Aflatoxins

Aspergillus flavus-contaminated foods such as groundnuts, cottonseed, etc.

Liver damage and cancer

39

Ergot alkaloids from Claviceps purpurea Toxic alkaloids, ergotamine, ergotoxin and ergometrine groups

Ergot-infested...

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