This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hedonism, Desire Satisfaction, And A Good Life

1344 words - 6 pages

Hedonism, Desire Satisfaction, and a Good Life

So, would you like to have a good life?

I wouldn't.

Well, actually I would in a sense. After all, for something to be 'good' is to be 'such as to fulfill the desires in question'. The desires in question, in this case, are my desires. To say that I do not desire a good life is to say that I do not desire a life that has those properties that I desire.

However, a good life is not the only thing I want. I want a great many of things. I would like to have a good steak. A good steak is a steak is a steak that has those qualities that I desire in a steak regarding taste and size. However, I want a great many things and often find that i ...view middle of the document...

I am making an aesthetic judgment - evaluating the steak in relation to my own desires regarding the taste, texture, and other qualities of the food itself.

I bring this up because a member of the studio audience sent me a paper, Desire Satisfaction and Hedonism by Chris Heathwood (Philosophical Studies (2006) 128:539–563).

Heathwood's thesis is that:

Hedonism and the desire-satisfaction theory of welfare (‘‘desire satisfactionism’’) are typically seen as archrivals in the contest over identifying what makes one’s life go best. It is surprising, then, that the most plausible form of hedonism just is the most plausible form of desire satisfactionism.

If we were to try to plug the desire utilitarian concept of desire fulfillment into the term "desire satisfaction" in this thesis, there is an immediate problem. Hedonism is an internalist value theory. It holds that what has value is that the brain be in a particular state and draws no relationship between the brain in that state and the external world. This is why hedonist theories fall victim to all sorts of "experience machine" objections. It means that if we get the brain into a particular state and leave it there, we can do whatever we want to the real world and it will have no value.

Desire fulfillment is an externalist value theory. It holds that value can be found in relationships between desires and states of affairs in the real world. A state of affairs S is good (in the generic non-moral sense) insofar as an agent A has a reason to bring about S if and only if A has a desire that P and P is true in S. We can freeze the brain in a particular state of desiring S. However, if we change S we destroy the relationship between S and the desire that P, and thus destroy value.

This is a fundamental difference that makes it impossible for one to be like the other.

Hearthwood gets the externalist nature of desire fulfillment right in his description of desire satisfaction.

Every time a subject S desires that some state of affairs p be the case, and p is the case, S’s desire that p be the case has been satisfied.

Hearthwood adds:

It is no part of Simple Desire Satisfactionism that, for a person's desire to be satisfied, the person must experience feelings of satisfaction.

This is true.

Also:

Everyone seems to agree on one restriction to Simple Desire Satisfactionism right off the bat: we should count only intrinsic desires.

By "intrinsic desires" Heathwood seems to be talking about what I call "desires as ends" (as distinguished from desires-as-means) which I, too, would agree with.

However, Heathwood - inexplicably, as far as I can tell - links this to a good life.

According to Simple Desire Satisfactionism, your life goes...

Other assignments on Hedonism, Desire Satisfaction, And A Good Life

Assignment/ Research Writing

9344 words - 38 pages Client (MSC) : Comment aider votre entreprise à faire parfaitement ce qui compte le plus pour les clients ». 32. Niraj, R., Foster, G., et al,(2003) , “Understanding Customer Level Profitability Implications of Satisfaction Program”. 33. Noor, N., and Muhamad, A., (2005), Individual Factors that Predict Customer-Orientation Behavior of Malaysian Life Insurance Agents, Journal Pengurusan , 24, 125-149. 34. Oksana, M., and

Thesis Essay

7419 words - 30 pages result from college attendance. Thus, students who are deeply involved academically are less likely than average students to show increases in liberalism, hedonism, artistic interests, and religious apostasy or decreases in business interests. The only personality change accentuated by academic involvement is need for status, which is strengthened. Being academically involved is strongly related to satisfaction with all aspects of college life

Organisational Behaviour

3203 words - 13 pages responsibility and importance, through promotions which says that he to a small extent has job satisfaction but wants to be challenged more. He has job dissatisfaction caused through his perception of demographics like age, through pay rates and inequity in salaries, organisation workload, personality, and general life satisfaction in reaction to these job dissatisfactions he is absent, neglecting his job and has reduced the quality of his work, and

Quality Over Quantity

632 words - 3 pages to observe and assist with minor tasks at hospitals. I believe I was able to contribute and give a few children the opportunity to improve themselves their life style and build self-confidence. Last summer was just the beginning. After that one experience, the feeling of helping people in need, gave me a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction. It sincerely made me feel better about myself. Being able to teach someone who had the desire to

Work-Life Balance

1133 words - 5 pages THE IMPACT OF NON-WORK ACTIVITIES IN WORK BEHAVIOUR PROBLEM Nowadays, non-work activities are demanding increased attention, because people desire a career that leaves them with time and energy to devote to work and life demands. For many members of The Marketing Store, demands of work and personal lives can lead to conflict between the two roles and decrease overall life satisfaction. This report was designed to analyze the impact of

Organizational Behavior Analysis

879 words - 4 pages and suggest various ways through which an organization can get its workforce motivated. Motivation has been discovered not only to be factor in good performance but also a factor for self-satisfaction; no matter the approaches the theories use to explain how motivation can be attained in organizations, they all drive to one point of having the employee satisfied (Wu, 2012). This essay shall focus on Humanistic Theory of Motivation developed

Developing Analytical Skills

2881 words - 12 pages volunteers that have a desire to give back to the community and want to immerse themselves in the sport setting. As these individuals appear to have a greater level of satisfaction and higher intent to return in the future, this can decrease the time required of event managers in training, recruiting and managing volunteers. Beyond the time commitment for volunteer management, retention of volunteers is crucial to the success of sporting events

Ob In Action Case Study: Companies Are Trying To Improve Employee Attitudes During The Recession

2685 words - 11 pages competence through social standards” (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2013, p. 153). Schwartz’s third value is titled Hedonism. Hedonism is pleasure or happiness in one’s life. His fourth value is Stimulation. This value encompasses excitement, originality, and challenge in a person’s life. The fifth value, Self-direction, refers to independent thought and action through creativity, freedom, and individual choice. The sixth value is Universalism. The

Capital Structure

821 words - 4 pages to determine the state of moral of their employees. Another reason for knowing job satisfaction among employees is research has discovered a correlation between job satisfaction and other variables such as organizational commitment, life satisfaction, family satisfaction, and performance on the job. The first test convergence means that when there are two separate tests done on job satisfaction they must correlate highly with each other. The

Marketing

6768 words - 28 pages creating new uses or users for an existing product. E.g. nylon which was originally focused for making cloth and the hosiery, baking soda which is now used as a cleaning agent. It is an extension of strategic marketing, thus in real sense marketing is a method by which new satisfaction is created for old products. This concept takes uniform finding or creating new use for the existing product. E.g. use of baking soda, it extends the life cycle of

Criminology In The Criminal Justice System

791 words - 4 pages lives a life of crime? Theories have developed over time explaining the above questions and this paper will explore them and their answers. Criminology in the Criminal Justice System Over the years many individuals have developed theories as to why crimes are committed. Determining why crimes are committed is a main concern of criminology. When studying criminology it is important to understand what it is as well as understanding crime. In

Similar Documents

Submit A 4 Page Paper Discussing Three Types Of Cybercrime Risks And How Organizations And Individuals Can Protect Themselves From These Schemes. Please Identify At Least One Real Life Exmaple And...

1097 words - 5 pages committed where the computer or electronic data device is integral to the criminal act (Kranacher, Riley, and Wells 114). Although many do not believe that they can cause any vital damage, cybercrimes such as wiretapping, piggybacking, and computer viruses can have significant repercussions on various organizations. By identifying the type of cybercrime, discussing how organizations can protect themselves from it, and multiple real-life examples, an

Utilitarianism Essay

992 words - 4 pages theory of Utilitarianism which is “based on human psychology in a person’s desire for happiness and pleasure” (The Story of Ethics), a feeling that is universally accepted should be the solution to the debate on morality and should efficiently determine what is good and what is bad. Although John Mill was influenced by the theory of John Bentham they help opposing views with regards to the way the value of different pleasures should be

Psychological Egoism Essay

1910 words - 8 pages good massage.” For the sake of his argument, he calls ‘pleasure’ the converse of physical pain. Feinberg moves on to distinguish the second meaning of pleasure from the hedonist’s view as satisfaction. Satisfaction is reached by desire fulfillment, and can be defined as a sense of feeling we receive after getting what we want. Feinberg makes it clear that “satisfaction” does not necessarily fulfill one’s desires, but provides individuals with a

Organizational Management 501 Essay

1326 words - 6 pages Trident University Module 1 Case Paper Management and Organizational Behavior 501 Introduction I know whenever I have a bad day at work I am not in a very good mood when I get home. I think most people cannot help but carry some of their mood from work home with them. And things at home can affect your mood at work, particularly if it is negative. In this paper I will discuss what I believe job satisfaction spillover is and