Groups and Teams
June 20, 2011
Groups and teams are made up of individuals who come together for a specific objective or interest. They can do a variety of things including meeting for coffee, making products, listening to music, provide services, make choices, negotiate deals, or coordinate projects to reach a common goal or task. Some of the reasons for the joining of groups and teams are related to responsibility within an organization, and some are related only to personal interest. The makings of a group or team can be diverse, which may lead to conflict or creativity depending on the collaboration.
A group consists of two or ...view middle of the document...
Task groups differ from command groups in that they do not follow the organizational chart for hierarchy specifically. The difference between task groups and command groups allows for command groups to be task groups but not always the other way around. The sub-groups of the informal groups include the interest groups and friendship groups. Interest group members may or may not be individuals who are parts of command or task groups but they are individuals who associate with other members to achieve a certain objective of interest. Friendship groups are formed from individuals with common characteristics that include social meetings outside of work. Common characteristics may include but are not limited to age, ethnicity, school, sports interests, music interests and shared friends.
A team is a group of people who work together toward a common goal, task or objective and are flexible as they respond to change. The different types of teams include work groups, work teams, problem-solving teams, self-managed work teams, cross-functional teams, virtual teams, and creative effective teams. Work groups share information and help each other with their individual responsibilities. A work team is “a group whose individual efforts result in performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs” (Robbins, & Judge, 2009, p. 323). Problem-solving teams are “groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment” (Robbins, & Judge, 2009, p. 326). Self-managed work teams are “groups of 10 to 15 people who take on responsibilities of their former supervisors” (Robbins, & Judge, 2009, p. 326). Cross-functional teams are widely used to coordinate complex problems and include employees on the same level from different work areas who work together to achieve...