This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Greek And Roman Comparison Essay

6976 words - 28 pages

Greek and Roman Comparison
Lisa Lain
HIS275CA
June 1, 2015
Zachary Lenz

Greek and Roman Comparison
The Greek and Roman empires were very important to the history of the world. With their empires came religions and philosophies. While their religions were much different, both the Greeks and the Romans turned to Christianity at some point. Their philosophies were also quite different. They each studied the building blocks of the universe and created their own theories. With any empire come societal struggles. Both the Greek and Roman empires dealt with such struggles but the main aspect of the struggles varied. Territorial expansion was very important in both the Greek and the ...view middle of the document...

First, the Greek philosophers were questioning what the universe was made of. Several different Greek philosophers had different theories of the building blocks of the universe. When the Romans were conquering Greece, they learned of these philosophies and began writing them as their own philosophical ideas, only in Latin instead. It was not until later that the Romans started creating their own philosophical ideas.
Greek
The Greeks had no uniform faith or creed when it came to religion. Even though all the Greeks worshiped Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Athena, and other deities, “the cults of these gods and goddesses varied from polis to polis” (McKay, Hill, Buckler, Ebrey, & Beck, 2007, pg. 103). The Greek religion was more of a ritual than a belief and had no Bible or other sacred books. Within the Greek religion, one did not have to practice certain virtues, follow rules of life, or live decent life’s to participate in the religious rituals. In the Greek religion, priests and priestesses cared for the temples and sacred property. They also conducted the proper rituals. The Greeks did not have churches; the congregations would visit the temples on matters of private concern. The temples included an altar that stood outside and sacrifices were made at such altars for the appropriate god (McKay et al., 2007).
There were many different gods worshiped by the Greeks. These gods all were believed to be a god of certain events. The Greek gods and goddesses included Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Athena, Artemis, and others (McKay et al., 2007). Zeus was the “leader of the Olympic gods, and god of lightning, thunder, and the heavens” (“List of Greek Gods and Goddesses”). Hera was the “goddess of goddesses, women, and marriage and wife of Zeus” (“List of Greek Gods and Goddesses”). Apollo was the “god of the sun, music, healing, and herding” (“List of Greek Gods and Goddesses”). Athena was the “goddess of wisdom, poetry, art, and the strategic side of war” (“List of Greek Gods and Goddesses”). Artemis was the “goddess of moon, hunting, and nursing” (“List of Greek Gods and Goddesses”). In addition to worshipping the gods and goddesses, the Greeks honored some heroes, the most notable being Herakles (or Hercules). “Each polis had its own minor deities, each with his or her own cult” (pg. 103), besides the Olympic gods (McKay et al., 2007). Greek religion in each polis included these minor deities in their worshipping. All were expected to worship these gods and minor deities during the festivals, whether they believed in the deities that were being worshipped or not (McKay et al., 2007).
Over time some Greeks starting turning to “mystery religions like those of the Eleusinian mysteries in Attica and of Trophonios in Boeotia” (McKay et al., 2007, pg. 103). These religions were similar to early Christianity with similar practices and the promise of life after death. Each individual who turned to these religious beliefs had to go through...

Other assignments on Greek And Roman Comparison

Sarcophagi Of Selene And Endymion Essay

389 words - 2 pages Krista Ayala CLA 2953.001 April 23, 2013 Sarcophagi of Selene and Endymion Roman remains such as art, architecture, and documents have offered and provided various details of their society, history, people, and way of life throughout the centuries leading up to the fall of Rome. Through their excavated remains we can discover and learn about their society and culture for instance their practices, functions, and activities. One such practice

Intertestamental Period Paper:

2330 words - 10 pages INTERTESTAMENTAL PERIOD PAPER: A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE INTERTESTAMENTAL PERIOD 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ALEXANDER THE GREAT THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD THE PTOLEMAIC PERIOD THE SELEUCID PERIOD ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES THE MACCABEAN PERIOD THE HASMONEAN PERIOD THE ROMAN PERIOD THROUGH HEROD‟S SONS AND JESUS CHRIST CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 3 5 5 6 6 7 9 9 10 12 II 3 INTRODUCTION In this Intertestamental Paper, I will briefly

Art History

2346 words - 10 pages Scraper”) • Materials The Greek original of this piece was a bronze. Unfortunately, like many other pieces of the time, it was melted down. What we are seeing is the Roman marble copy. • Style-period and personal (Lysippus) The Apoxyomenos follows the Late Classical Style. Lysippus employed a new set of proportions and a heightened sense of realism. His point was to engage others in the piece and make use of real space. 3

Historical Laws And Security

458 words - 2 pages ---the law of retaliation. Draco’s Law was named after and established 621 B.C by a Greek citizen as the code of law for Athens. This law was the first written law of Greece; punishment for many offenses was death. Draco’s Laws are important because they introduce the notion that the state, not private citizens, is responsible for punishing individuals accused of committing crime. The Law of the Twelve Tables was originally a set of 10

Constantine The Great

1035 words - 5 pages Latin and Greek and witness the persecution of Christians. This relationship with Theodora and my father’s influence would provided me the opportunity to embark on my own military career. In 305, after Maximian’s renunciation of the throne, my father became Emperor Constantius I. I, by now Constatine, joined my father on his military campaign then later fought alongside my father in Britain. One year later my father would die at Eboracum. As a

Statistics Function

423 words - 2 pages measurements help interpret and infer drawings. When the data is simplified and presented in an easier form such as graphs, comparison becomes easier as well. Comparison is an important function in statistics. According to " 7 Most Essential Functions Of Statistics " (2010), ” the object of statistics is to enable comparison between past and present results to ascertain the reasons for changes, which have taken place and the effect of such changes in

Claudius Ptolemy

1396 words - 6 pages Galileo and Copernicus survived in the form of thousands of reprints such as ancient scriptures from Roman, Greek, and Arab empires. Ptolemy’s work within the Almagest and the Geocentric model has long been used for centuries before those two men’s era Arab and Western nations would continue on Ptolemy’s work until they would be disproven in the 1600’s. Reference Page The Ptolemaic Model. (n.d.). Polaris Project. Retrieved October 18, 2012, from

Anglican Church

1029 words - 5 pages  episcopal succession, from the Greek word that is translated bishop.  It is for this reason that many Anglican bodies are self-styled as Episcopal (for instance, America'sThe Episcopal Church). Anglicanism places a high value on its participation in apostolic succession.  Episcopacy is viewed as a defining feature of Anglicanism and a ground of ecumenical ties with other Christian traditions.  The unity of the Church is embodied in the historic

The Eastern Church Vs. The Western Church

1031 words - 5 pages road to reunification is prayer and open dialogue. References Brown, T. (2013, April 11). Greek orthodox church vs. roman catholic church. Retrieved from http://www.theothertour.com/greek-orthodox-church-vs-roman-catholic-church/ Eucharist. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://orthodoxwiki.org/Eucharist Filioque clause. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.theopedia.com/Filioque_clause The Nicene creed. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.goarch.org/chapel/liturgical_texts/creed Ware, T. (1963). The orthodox church. (Newer ed., pp. 43-44; 274-275). London, England: Penguin Group.

Poetry

696 words - 3 pages period of a culture's development. Only late do authors like Homer gather together and weave into a cohesive whole an epic work. The epic poem can be defined partly by its length and its usual heroic subject matter. However, the epic also serves the listeners by defining their role within the cosmos. Thus a Greek understood better what it meant to be a Greek by hearing the stories of Achilles and Odysseus, a Roman understood what being a Roman

Palestine

1715 words - 7 pages trial because of the hope of the resurrection of the dead.” When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. (The Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, and that there are neither angels nor spirits, but the Pharisees believe all these things.))” (Acts 23:6-8). This group of people was okay with the Roman Domination and some of them even embraced the Greek Culture. The Romans

Similar Documents

How Did The Roman Army And The Application Of Roman Law Serve To Transmit Roman Culture And Values In The Provinces (Areas)? You May Address Topics Such As Language, Veteran’s Settlements,...

1156 words - 5 pages blend of several religious influences which was introduced by the Greek colonies of Southern Italy and the Etruscan or Latin tribes. As the Roman empire expanded it came into contact with new and different religions. Many were absorbed into the state religion (O’conelle, 1999). The emperors introduced a policy designed to encourage the merging of pagan religions to unite people and effect greater political stability to join and unite the empire. So

Nothing Essay

1295 words - 6 pages Ancient Roman architecture developed different aspects of Ancient Greek architecture and newer technologies such as the arch and the dome to make a new architectural style. Roman architecture flourished throughout the Empire during the Pax Romana. Its use of new materials, particularly concrete, was a very important feature. Roman Architecture covers the period from the establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BC to about the 4th century AD

Health Care Policy Essay

1704 words - 7 pages , 2005). Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman culture, which carried a version of it to many parts of Europe (Boardman, 2005). The Dark Ages of ancient Greece was from 100 BC to the 8th Century BC. Summary of the Topic The men’s responsibilities were providing for the family by working. The women’s responsibilities were looking after the house and the children also supervising slaves who brought water to the housewives from the

Why Was Socrates Regarded As A Man Of Virtue?

7161 words - 29 pages , prominent Renaissance thinkers proposed an analogous elimination of all appeals to authority in education and science. * The Renaissance revival of Greek and Roman studies emphasized the value of the classics for their won sake, rather than for the relevance of Christianity. * An explosion in shared ideas was made possible by the expansion of universities and the invention of the printing press. Educational practice was revolutionized by the