Accomplishments of Martin Luther King, Jr
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was not only a prominent American civil rights activist, but also a social reformer and an author. He is often referred to as the human rights icon since he called for equal rights for all without resorting to violence or aggression. Read on to know about the accomplishments of Martin Luther King, Jr.
"Discrimination is a hellhound that gnaws at Negroes in every waking moment of their lives to remind them that the lie of their inferiority is accepted as truth in the society dominating them." Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and ...view middle of the document...
Martin Luther played a prominent role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955. The boycott was called for in Montgomery, Alabama to fight against racial discrimination on the city's public transit system. The situation became worse following the arrest of Rosa Parks, as she refused to vacate her seat to a white passenger. The king's house was bombed and he was arrested during this agitation, which marked the end to racial segregation on Montgomery public buses.
Another major accomplishment of Martin Luther was the institution of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), an American civil rights organization in 1957. The organization aimed at supporting the philosophy of non-violence. It was led by King as the President along with Ralph Abernathy and other activists. As an ardent believer of the Gandhian principles of non-violence, he enforced the non-violent techniques in the protests organized by SCLC. Luther also fought for the civil rights of blacks, like, right to vote, labor rights, etc. These rights were incorporated with the enactment of the Civil Rights Act, 1964 and the Voting Rights Act, 1965.
Yet another substantial achievement of Martin Luther was in the Birmingham campaign, which aimed at promoting civil rights for African-Americans. The campaign was basically directed to mark an end to preferential and segregated civil and economic policies. The King and SCLC were also actively involved in the protests in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1964. Nightly marches were organized in the city; several marchers were assaulted by the whites and even jailed.
Martin Luther, along with other prominent leaders like, Roy Wilkins, Whitney Young, A. Philip Randolph, John Lewis, and James L. Farmer, Jr. was instrumental in organizing the March on Washington in 1963. The demands behind the march were putting an end to racial separatism in school, abolition of racial discrimination in employment, minimum wage for all workers, etc. Millions of protesters from diverse backgrounds attended the march, making it a success....