Gender Identity Disorder Defined
To be diagnosis with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) says “There are two components of Gender Identity Disorder, both of which must be present too make the diagnosis. There must be evidence of a strong and persistent cross- gender identification, which is the desire to be, or the insistence that one is, of the other sex. There must also be evidence of persistent discomfort about one's assigned sex or sense of inappropriateness in the gender role of that sex. To make the diagnosis, there must be evidence of clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of ...view middle of the document...
I, for example, am a bisexual psychologist who specializes in transgender issues; I am married to a transgender person. The difference between a psychologist like myself and Dr. Zucker is that I do not have a vested professional and financial interest in recommending the continued pathologizing of transgender people through the DSM system, nor do I have a vested interest in de-pathologizing transgender people for that matter. My professional identity and my financial livelihood do not depend upon the continuation of this diagnosis. For Dr. Zucker, there is a clear conflict of interest, exactly the sort of conflict of interest that the APA claims to have so diligently worked to avoid (Woodson, 2010). Many argue GID and other disorders are kept in the DSM for financial gain to health professionals.
Features of Gender Identity Disorder
People with Gender Identity Disorder wish to live as a member of the other sex. This idea gives them the desire to adopt the social role of the other sex or to acquire the physical appearance of the other sex through hormonal or surgical manipulation. People with this disorder are uncomfortable being regarded by others as being their birthed sex. Many attempt to pass in public as the other sex, with cross-dressing and hormonal treatment. Gender identity is based on feeling and not biology.
Gender Identity Disorder in Children
Gender identity disorders in children and adolescents are rare and more common in boys. GID involves psychological, biological, family and social issues. "In children, the dissturbance is manifested by any following: in boys, asseration that his penis or testes are disgusting or will disappear or assertion that it would be better not ot have a penis, or aversion toward rough-and-tumble play and rejection of male stereotypical toys, games, and activites.””... in girls, rejection of urinating is a sitting position, assertion that she has or will grow a penis, or assertion that she does not want to grow breasts or menstruate, or marked aversion toward normative feminine clothing”(Burke, 1996, p. 64). Children express their desire to be the other sex through cross dressing, perfering to play with the opposite sex, and playing with opposite sex toys or games.
Children with GID tend to isolate themselves from society. Statistics given in our class textbook says children with GID have realtionship problems with family and peers, and also experience harrassment (Kearney and Trull, 2012, p. 339). One major precursor to an adulthood homosexual orientation and a homosexual behavior is gender non-conformity in childhood and adolescence. When parents observe deviance in gender identity development or cross-gender behavior in their child, they often intuitively fear a possible developmental course leading towards homosexual inclinations in their child. Parents are typically concerned and many contact a mental health professional for an evaluation for potential treatment to normalize the...