Gandhi And Non Violence Essay

1556 words - 7 pages

Gandhi and non-violence
After the sound of the gun, a great man was killed. The whole India held the funeral ceremony for him. People will always remember this great leader. His name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Gandhi was the leader of the national liberation movement and the Indian National Congress Party. He is the father of modern India. His “non-violence”(ahimsa) and philosophy affected the international movement of nationalists around the world. Elements of Gandhi's philosophy were rooted in the Indian religions of Jainism and Buddhism. The Acaranga Sutra, a Jainist text, describes the fundamental need for non-violence: “All beings are fond of life; they like pleasure and hate ...view middle of the document...

Gandhi employed non-cooperation, non-violence and peaceful resistance as his “weapons” in the struggle against the British. It was a far-reaching movement for Indian people to fight against the British. Its core characteristic was non-violence. The Indian National Congress Party in this campaign was becoming the leader. This movement blew to the morale of British colonial rule and encouraged people. However, the compromise also made the result incompletely. It is not good for people to “wake up” totally. From that time, India has been stepping forward to the goal which is being an independent state.
In 1891, Gandhi got the degree to be a lawyer. In 1894, a company in South Africa hired him. Gandhi proposed non-violent slogans for the first time. After the outbreak of World War I, Gandhi returned to India. He called on people to unite as one and forbidden any sectarian bloodshed.
Gandhi pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December 1928 calling on the British government to grant India dominion status or face a new campaign of non-violence with complete independence for the country as its goal.
Gandhi launched a new satyagraha against the tax on salt in March 1930. Thousands of Indians joined him on this march to the sea. This campaign was one of his most successful at upsetting British rule. The Salt March of 1930 was a vital step toward India's independence from Britain. Gandhi led people to use non-violent way to fight against British laws.
Gandhi played a very important role in the struggle for equal rights for Indians. He wrote articles for newspapers to introduce socialism and founded a magazine called “Indian opinion”. After going back to India, he delivered some public speeches on the situation of South Africa. Later, the government of South Africa went through a number of laws which seemed to trouble the non-white. The Indians who were over the age of eight had to take passport with them all the time. The Indians claimed that the “pass law” is unfair. Some people even burned their passports. Because of this, lots of people went to jail. Some people were even killed. Finally, because of the riots of the residents in India, South African leaders were compelled to make concessions. Gandhi won the victory of the nonviolent struggle against racial discrimination for the first time.
“Non-violent non-cooperation movement” enhanced national pride and self-confidence of the Indian people. Therefore most people supported non-violent non-cooperation movement. It reflected the desire of the Indian people for independence. Also, it encouraged people to work together and laid the foundation for Independence.
Gandhi used non-violent resistance as the primary means to achieve political ideals. He thought it was the most powerful weapon at that time. He said: “I used non-violent resistant doesn’t mean that Indian people are afraid. The reason I called on India to implement nonviolence is that I have realized India's...

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