Review of Literature
Tedina K. Hodges
Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V
July 7, 2013
Levels of Health Promotion
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions (World Health Organization, 2013). Health promotion is a big topic now at world health organization meetings. They are encouraging the promotion of health for many reasons. Purpose of health promotion is to allow access for all and to encourage healthy lifestyles so people can live longer and be healthy doing it. In this paper, this writer will ...view middle of the document...
In the three levels of health promotion prevention this writer compares them by using three journal articles about breast cancer; the education, treatment to stop the disease process and the psychosocial rehabilitation after surviving breast cancer.
Primary prevention is the protection or education of the disease or disability. In the journal article , Effects of Breast Health Education Conducted by Trained Breast Cancer Survivors, written by Myungsun & Park, (2012) breast cancer survivors educated young women about breast cancer. The survivors educated the young women about the importance of breast self exam (BSE) and how BSE is the first most important method for early detection of breast cancer. This article also commented on how breast health education by survivors has proven to be helpful in relaying the truth about breast cancer. The education the survivors used helped the individuals get motivated to adopt healthy behaviors in successfully helping decrease mortality related to the disease.
Secondary protection is the screening and treatment of early stages or delay in the advancement of the disease. In the British journal of nursing it supported secondary prevention by diagnosing, staging and treatment options (Stan et al., 2012). Screening and treatment of early stages will increase the patients survival rate. Breast self exams (BSE) and Mammography remains the most important diagnostic tool in detecting breast cancer. Ultrasound can also be used with women with very dense breasts. Other ways breast cancer can be screened are Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and tissue biopsy. Once it is determined that cancer exists they must stage the cancer and determine treatment options. Treatment options can include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. Breast conservation is the most optimal to help the patient have better cosmetic results and without compromising their survival.
Tertiary prevention is to minimize the disease complications by routine care to help prevent complications and...