1. Define the meaning and function of figurative language and literal language.
Figurative language and literal language are different ways of analyzing the meaning of languages in various traditions. literal language refers to words that do not deviate from their defined meaning. Whereas figurative language refers to words, and groups of words, that exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of the component words. Figurative language may involve analogy to similar concepts or other contexts, and may involve exaggerations. Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, we are using figurative language.
The function of literal language is to present word or groups of ...view middle of the document...
To keep an eye out for something means to watch for it.
The term "analogy" is a method of explanation or clarification involving a comparison of the difficult material to something that is more easily grasped by the explainer's audience. The two items used in the analogy do not have to be alike in any respect other than the element that is the topic of the discussion. Examples of analogies are: "I am going to be toast when I get home". This is usually said when someone is in trouble with their significant other. The other is "I feel like a fish out of water" - This implies that you are not comfortable in your surroundings.
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another. Am implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common. A metaphor is distinct from, but related to a simile, which is also a comparison. The primary difference is that a simile uses the word like or as to compare two things, while a metaphor simply suggests that the dissimilar things are the same. Examples of metaphor are: "Broken heart" - your heart is not literally broken into pieces; you just feel hurt and sad; and "The light of my life" - The person described by this metaphor is not really providing physical light. He or she is just someone who brings happiness or joy.
Simile is a figure of speech that uses the words "like" or "as" to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike. A simile is a more direct comparison of two things and a metaphor is an indirect comparison. Examples of simile are: "She is busier than a bee" - That is comparing someone's level of energy to a fast-flying bee. The other is " life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you are going to get"- comparing the uncertainty of life to the uncertainty of choosing a chocolate from a box.
The figurative language everyone is tired of hearing is "cliché" is an expression that has been used so often that it has become stale and something boring. Examples of cliché: "All's well that ends well" - This means that even if there were problems along the way, it does not matter as long as there is a happy ending. Another cliché is " In the nick of time".- This means that something happened just in time.
Amphiboly is the ambiguity of speech, especially from uncertainty of the grammatical construction rather than of the meaning of the words. Amphiboly can cause confusion and hence puts the other person into a state where they are open to different ideas. Amphiboly may be deliberate or accidental. Where it is deliberate, it may be used to confuse or make subconscious suggestions. This is particularly effective where the second meaning of the sentence may take a few moments to sink in. thus the obvious meaning is stated...