Freud: Psychoanalysis

443 words - 2 pages

Chapter: 2
Freud: Psychoanalysis
Overview of Psychoanalytic Theory
Freud’s understanding of human personality was based on his experiences with patients his analysis of his own dreams, and his readings in the various sciences and humanities.
Biography of Sigmund Freud
* Sigismund (Sigmund) Schlomo Freud
* March 6 or May 6,1856
* Freiberg, Moravia
* September 23,1939 (aged 83)
* He was the firstborn Child. Jacob Freud (1875-1896)
* Amile Nathansohn Freud (1835-1930)
* (Julius, Anna, Rosa, Marie, Adolfine, Paula and Alexander)
* In 1885 he received a traveling great from the UV an decided to study in Paris.
* Hysteria
* Catharsis
* During the late 1890’s, Freud ...view middle of the document...

Unconscious
* The unconscious contain all those drives, urges, or instincts that are beyond our awareness but that nevertheless motivate most of our words, feelings and actions. Although we may be conscious of our overt behaviors we often are not aware of the mental processes that lie behind them.
Preconscious
* The preconscious level of the mind contains all those elements that are not conscious but can become conscious either quite readily or with some difficulty.
Conscious
* Consciousness, which plays relatively minor role in psychoanalytic theory, can be defined as those mental elements in awareness at any given point in time.
Provinces of the Mind
* These provinces or region s have no territorial existence, of course but are merely hypothetical contrast. This division of the mind into three provinces did not supplant the topographic model, but it helped Freud explain mental images according to their functions or purposes.
The Id
* At the core of personality and completely unconscious is the psychical region called the id, a term derived from the impersonal pronoun meaning “the it”, or the not-yet-owned component of personality.
The ego
* The ego, or I, is the only region of the mind in contact with reality. It grows out of the id during infancy and becomes a person’s sole source of communication with the external world.
The superego
* The superego has two subsystems, the conscience and the ego-ideal. Freud did not clearly distinguish between these two functions, but in general, the conscience results from experiences with punishments for improper behavior and tells us what “we should not do”, whereas and tells us what we “should do”.

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