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French Essay

4389 words - 18 pages

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Francés. Gramática francesa
Autor: Ricardo Ruben FALLERI GHERBI


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Presentación del curso
El idioma francés (le français, la langue française) es una lengua romance hablada en todo el territorio de Francia metropolitana. Si te gusta el francés y quieres reforzar tu gramática este curso te será de gran ayuda. Aprende los artículo, sustantivo, adjetivo y muchas otras cosas que te serán de gran ayuda para tu aprendizajes en la gramática del idioma francés.


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1. Artículo indefinido y definido
El artículo indefinido sirve para situar ...view middle of the document...

(Me gusta la carne y las verduras). d) Designar una cosa o una persona única en su género: Le soleil (El sol)


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Le soleil (El sol) La langue française (La lengua francesa). e) Los nombres de países toman o llevan el artículo definido: La France (Francia). L´Italie (Italia). Le Portugal (Portugal). La Grèce (Grecia). Les États (Unis (USA o EEUU). L´Espagne. (España). IMPORTANTE: pero no va el artículo después de las preposiciones francesas "en" y "de" seguidas de los nombres de países femeninos: Aller en France = ir a Francia. Venir d´Espagne = venir de España. ATENCIÓN: no es igual, o no es lo mismo, con: Aller au Portugal = ir a Portugal. Venir du Chili = venir de Chile.


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2. Artículos contractos (Les Articles Contractés)
SINGULAR: (Singulier)

PLURAL: (Pluriel).

NOTAS IMPORTANTES: SINGULAR MASCULINO: "á" + "le" = "au" - La preposición francesa "à" + el artículo definido "le" hace "au" = en español "al" Aller au cinéma. = Ir al cine. - No se puede decir: aller à le cinéma, entonces "à" + "le", se reemplaza por "au" que es "al" en español. - La preposición francesa "de" + el artículo definido "le" hace "du" = en español "del". Venir du marché. = Venir del mercado. - No se puede decir: venir de le marché, o sea venir del mercado, "de" + "le", se Reemplaza por "du", que quiere decir en español "del". PLURAL MASCULINO Y FEMENINO: "aux" = "à" + "les" (a los, a las) - La preposición francesa "à" + el artículo definido plural "les" francés, se transforma en "AUX" (a los, a las). No se puede decir: "à les", se debe decir: "aux". Je donne un cahier aux garçons. (Yo doy un cuaderno a los niños). Je donne un cahier aux filles. (Yo doy un cuaderno a las niñas). "des" = "de" + "les" (de los, de las).


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- La preposición francesa "de" + el artículo definido plural "les" francés, se transforma en "des" (de los, de las), no se puede decir: "de les", se debe decir: "des". Je viens des États-Unis. (Yo vengo de los EEUU o USA). Je viens des Îles Caïman. (Yo vengo de las Islas Caimán).


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3. Artículos partitivos (Les Articles Partitifs)
Du, de la, de l´, des = son artículos partitivos. No tienen equivalente en español. Los artículos partitivos indican una parte de cierta cantidad, de cierta cosa. Los artículos partitivos se emplean para designar una parte de un conjunto que uno no puede contar o medir. (Es la preposición francesa "de" + los artículos definidos (le, la, l´, les): Je Je Je Je mange du pain. = Yo como pan. mange de la viande. = Yo como carne. bois de l´eau. = Yo tomo agua. mange des gâteaux. = Yo como tortas.

Masculino Singular: DU. Femenino Singular: DE LA. Masculino y Femenino Singular: DE L´ (Delante de vocal o h muda). Masculino y Femenino Plural: DES.

IMPORTANTE: Se emplea la preposición francesa "de" y no el...

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