Foundations of Psychology
One of the most complex and diverse subjects in all of the social sciences is the study of the mind. Psychology, the constant attempt to understand human behavior, full of variables and unpredictable. Although psychology as a whole can be supported by many different theories and even sub-theories, there are six major schools of thought that are common knowledge to every professional in the field. The six major schools of thought are functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitivism, structuralism and humanistic psychology. These six major schools of thought may as well be the foundations of psychology.
Functionalism is one of the most influential theories in ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, behaviorism teaches that observing the different behaviors of the subjects is the answer to the psychological dilemas.
The cognitive school of thought and the behaviorism school of thought agree on one aspect. They both believe in the exploration of the mind through scientific experimentation to better understand the behaviors of the subject. Cognitivism however do not reject the study of the mind and the mental process. The cognitive school of thought may be a mixture of behaviorism and psychoanalysis.
The first school of thought in psychology was without a doubt structuralism, and it “focused on breaking down mental processes into the most basic components”. (Cherry) According to the structural school of thought, the human mind is set with an unwritten natural set of laws, principles and logic rules. These logic rules stimulate the brain to take incomplete information, fill in the blank and turn it into the completed version of what the mind perceives. Structural psychologist believe there is a connection between sensation, emotion, and behavior.
The Humanistic school of thought teaches that in order to understand human psychology, we must take a hybrid approach. Humans are complicated and versatile individuals by nature. We are not one dimensional, therefore, to try and understand human behaviors looking thru only one school of thought is erroneous. In order to understand the human mind it is imperative to look at individuals and their motivations. The hierarchy of needs as explained by Abraham Maslow's exemplifies this approach to perfection. Every human...