Fononimica Essay

3487 words - 14 pages

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Resumo:

A fonomímica é um método pedagógico utilizado e defendido por vários autores da Educação Musical, entre os quais Zoltán Kodály. Mas a sua origem está em Sarah Glover e sua irmã e, mais tarde, John Curwen. Embora tenham ocorrido algumas modificações ao longo do tempo, e dos pedagogos e professores que foram aperfeiçoando o método, foi no século XIX com estes dois nomes que teve a sua origem.
A fonomímica teve em Kodály a sua maior divulgação a nível europeu. Ele foi um compositor, pedagogo, etnomusicólogo que impactou o ambiente musical que se vivia no ensino nos inícios do século XX, publicando muitas obras didáticas, livros de exercícios, entre obras eruditas de execução ...view middle of the document...

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5. Bibliografia e Web grafia………………………………………………………16

Introdução:

A realização deste trabalho surgiu no âmbito do módulo de Teorias e Correntes de Educação Musical presente no 1º semestre do Mestrado em Ensino de Educação Musical no Ensino Básico.
O tema deste trabalho foi escolhido porque é um tema que interessa à aluna, especialmente, visto que não tinha conhecimento da sua origem, de pedagogos que aplicavam, da sua importância e relevância em sala de aula e ensino musical e como tal, sempre ficou a curiosidade que motivou este trabalho. Também é um tema que se insere no conteúdo do módulo e esse foi mais um incentivo à sua realização.
Neste trabalho vai ser apresentado um pouco sobre o pedagogo que trouxe à ribalta a fonomímica, Zoltán Kodály, que contributos deu à educação musical, que trabalhos realizou, em que áreas esteve envolvido enquanto professor, pedagogo e etnomusicólogo e, naturalmente, um pouco da sua história e percurso. Isto no primeiro capítulo do trabalho.
No segundo capítulo do trabalho, será abordado o método da fonomímica, como se realiza, a sua origem, alguns dos seus defensores, as suas vantagens e as desvantagens de não usar fonomímica.

Zoltán Kodály

Zoltán Kodály,  (nasceu a 16 de Dezembro de 1882 em Kecskemét, Hungria e morreu a 6 de Março de 1968 em Budapeste), um compositor e autoridade da música folclórica húngara.
Foi um excelente educador de professores também. Foi na sua juventude que começou a compor, quando era coralista em Nagyszombat.
Começou a estudar música em 1900 no Conservatório de Budapeste, paralelamente com os estudos do ensino superior em linguística: licenciatura em literatura alemã e húngara, defendendo a sua tese de doutoramento, em 1906, sobre “a estrutura estrófica da música popular húngara”. Depois foi estudar um tempo em Paris, com o organista e compositor, Charles Widor. E quando regressou tornou-se professor de teoria musical (misto de solfejo, harmonia e análise) e composição na Academia Musical de Budapeste (1907-1941).
Em 1905, fez as primeiras recolhas de música popular, publicando a primeira série de melodias folclóricas em 1906. Neste mesmo ano, conheceu Béla Bartók e continuaram juntos, o trabalho de recolha de melodias por todo o país. Publicaram edições de música folclórica húngara (1906-21). E estas músicas vieram a formar mais tarde, 1951, a base de Corpus Musicae Popularis Hungariae.
Kodály dedicou mais de cinquenta anos da sua vida a este trabalho etnomusicológico.

Quanto ao estilo musical, criou o seu próprio, “romântico no sabor e menos percutido que Bartók” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013). O seu estilo baseou-se na música folclórica húngara, mas também na música francesa contemporânea e na música religiosa da Itália renascentista.

Algumas das suas obras, muitas delas apresentadas a público, foram: Psalmus Hungaricus (1923); Háry János  (1926), uma ópera cómica; dois conjuntos de danças húngaras...

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