Fat And Water Soluble Vitamins Essay

1001 words - 5 pages

Fat- and Water- Soluble Vitamins
Alyssa Cruz
SCI/241
November 14, 2013
Summer Dale

Fat- and Water- Soluble Vitamins
According to the textbook “vitamins are organic compounds that are essential in the diet in small amounts to promote and regulate body processes necessary for growth, reproduction, and the maintenance of health.” (Grosvenor & Smolin, Ch. 7 pg. 200) Vitamins are classified into two groups based of their solubility, as some are soluble in water and others are soluble in fat, with these characterizations we are able to know more about how the different types of vitamins are absorbed, transported, excreted, and stored within the body.
Your body gets the vitamins it ...view middle of the document...

It is also said that the skin along with the eyes and mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat, and lungs depend on vitamin A in order to remain moist. Vitamin D benefits the body by playing a role in how the body absorbs calcium, helping to form and maintain the bones, and contributing to immunity and controlling cell growth. Whereas, vitamin E behaves as an antioxidant while protecting vitamins A and C, and red blood cells. All the while Vitamin K is needed for proper blood clotting, while also promoting bone health. Because of all the benefits and functions of fat-soluble vitamins there are many risks associated with deficiency in one or more, such as night blindness, dry corneas, eye infections, poor or abnormal growth, dry skin, impaired immune function, misshapen bones, bowed legs, soft or weak bones, bone or muscle pain, hemorrhage, broken red blood cells, and nerve damage. Because fat-soluble vitamins can be stored in the liver and fatty tissues and are excreted from the body much slower than water-soluble vitamins, the risk of toxicity increases which leads to further issues such as headaches, vomiting, hair loss, liver damage, kidney damage, calcium deposits in soft tissues, skin changes, bone pain and fractures, anemia, brain damage and so much more.
Water-soluble vitamins on the other hand are vitamins that include the B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B, folic acid, vitamin B12) and vitamin C. These vitamins dissolve in water and are not stored in the body; therefore they need to be replaced in the body each day. High nutrient sources of these types of vitamins are all kinds of different foods, such as meat, poultry, pork, fish, whole grain breads and cereals, legumes, nuts and seeds, milk and dairy products, vegetables, fruits, and liver.
As the case with fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins also have various functions and benefits to the body. The B vitamins function as coenzymes that help the body to obtain energy from food, and vitamin C is responsible for collagen synthesis and...

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