April 17, 2015
Assignment: Farmingville Case Study (part 1)
Chapters 1 and 2: Review
1. Using symbolic interaction theory as your guide, explain how the terms “aliens” and “illegals” helped shape public opinion/attitudes in Farmingville towards Latino day laborers. What do these words mean? How did these definitions influence perceptions and behaviors?
I think the word “alien” describes the symbolic interaction best. To the locals of Farmingville the immigrants were alien in a very broad sense of the word. They spoke another language, enjoyed food that was different to the local fare; even the way they interacted with each other was something that was very incongruous to their ...view middle of the document...
S. population towards migrant day laborers. Following the study procedures outlined in the text, explain how you would go about doing this research. Since it would be impossible to study all U.S. residents directly, how large would your sample have to before you could generalize your research results to the total U.S. population? How would you ensure that your sample was representative of the population?
I would use a random sample of at least 3000 people and I would spread this out over the over Central California. This is where there is a large concentration of migrant farm workers, where if I did the study in a suburb or large city, the residents may have no factual input and might go on myth or prejudices.
4. What are the limitations of the survey method, and how would you overcome the limitations of this research method, or any research approach?
One major disadvantage of survey questionnaires is the possibility of low response rates. Low response would most likely be the curse of statistical analysis .I’m sure this can dramatically lower our confidence in the results, however well-designed studies consistently produce high response rates. Another disadvantage of survey methods is the inability to probe responses. Questionnaires are structured instruments. They allow little flexibility to the respondent with respect to response format. In essence, they often lose the "flavor of the response". I think by allowing frequent space for comments, the researcher can partially overcome this disadvantage. Comments are among the most helpful of all the information on the survey’s questionnaire, and they usually provide insightful information that would have otherwise been lost. Lastly, nearly ninety percent of all communication is visual. Gestures and other visual cues are not available with written surveys. The lack of personal contact will have different effects depending on the type of information being requested. When returned questionnaires arrive in the mail, it's natural to assume that the respondent is the same person you sent the questionnaire to. This may not actually be the case. Many times business questionnaires get handed to other employees for completion. Housewives sometimes respond for their husbands. Kids respond as a prank. For a variety of reasons, the respondent may not be who you think it is. So when doing a survey you should always keep this in mind.
5. Please describe and explain the pending crises created by the graying of America (as described in the article “Immigrants’ Contributions in an Aging America”). Specifically, what is this population imbalance, why did it occur, and what are the consequences (for elders and others in our society) of this unprecedented demographic transition?
We have to look at the statistics, as Myers writes “The baby boom generation, born in 1946 to 1964 and now 78 million strong has just begun to turn 62 this year and file for Social Security benefits”. He also...