MODULE 1 DISCUSSION
What were the driving forces behind the creation of the FAA and ICAO? This question is pertaining to the airline versus FAA safety responsibilities. How do these organizations differ in the effort for safety?
You must include the reasons for your answers. In fact, the rationale supporting your answers may be more important than the actual answers.
The primary driving force behind the creation of the FAA and ICAO was the protection and safety of the public, people on the ground, the aircraft and the flight crew. In the early years of aviation the airspace was completed unregulated, with no aircraft and pilot certification, training, and licensing standards, “No ...view middle of the document...
By 1938, the Bureau of Air Commerce was reorganized into The Civil Aeronautics Board and the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA). The three-member Air Safety Board was in charge of accident investigations, regulating airlines and routes. In 1940 the CAA was split into the Civil Aeronautics Administration which was under the Department of Commerce and the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). The CAA was in control of Air Traffic Control (ATC), airman and aircraft certification, safety enforcement and airway development. The CAB was in charge of accident investigations and economic regulations.
A midair collision in 1956 between a United Airlines DC-7 and a TWA Lockheed Constellation (L-1049) over the Grand Canyon, the CAA was completely overhauled and absorbed virtually all aspects of U.S. civil aviation and military aviation Air Traffic Control (ATC) and renamed the Federal Aviation Agency the Federal Aviation Administration as an independent entity answering directly to Congress.
The driving force to what brought about the development of the current FAA was to develop, standardize, and enforce aviation safety for both operators and passengers.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is the result of The United Nations international conferences first taking place is Paris, France in 1910. The First World War delayed following meetings until 1919 when again the international community met to discuss post war aviation taking into account the advancements in aviation after the war. After many conferences that produced conventions between member states, cooperation began to advance for improvements in safety, regulation, and navigation. The Chicago Convention of 1944 established the ICAO in order to promote international aviation safety and efficiency....