Feb. 11, 2016 Ethnic Studies Week 6
*Paper due in 3 weeks
Immigration, Eugenics, White Ethnics, Mexican Americans
U.S. Immigration Legislation (Tyner, 60)
-1907: U.S. Japan Gentlemen’s Agreement
-Denied entry to Japanese laborers
-1917: Immigration Act
-Denied entry to illiterates (meant to exclude Southern and Eastern Europeans)
-Designated an “Asiatic Barred Zone” denying entry to people from the lands between India, Australia, and Japan
1924: Johnson-Reed Act (National Origins Act)
-Promoted by the American eugenics movement
-Designated to maintain national purity and security
-America should remain a white, Protestant nation
-All others must either assimilate or ...view middle of the document...
S. during the entire 20th century, and for 60% of all sterilizations performed nation-wide in the 1940s
-California’s sterilization law remained in place from 1909-1979
-Throughout the 20th century, over 30 states forcibly sterilized tens of thousands of people who were deemed unfit for society
-North Carolina alone sterilized more than 7,600 people from 1929-1974, including poor black women, rape victims, and children.
-In Jan. 2012, the Governor of North Carolina apologized to the 1,500-2,000 surviving victims but 12 states that had eugenics programs never apologized.
Eugenics led to racialized medical experiments:
1906: Harvard doctor infected Filipino convicts with cholera to study its effects
-1932-1972: Tuskegee Institute study: African American men with syphilis prevented from receiving health care so white doctors could research the disease
-1946-1948: U.S. doctors infected 700 Guatemalans with syphilis to test penicillin
-Native American, African American, and Mexican American women were sterilized without their informed consent for decades
-In Puerto Rico, poor women were:
-Involuntarily bombarded with radiation as they stood at a counter filling out a medical questionnaire
-Given “La Operacion” to tie their Fallopian tubes
-Given un-FDA approved prototypes of birth control contraceptive pills
-In “The History of White Ethnics in the United States” David Roediger argues:
-White racial identity and European ethnic identity are distinct forms of consciousness
-White ethnicity is a “pan-ethnic” ideology that emphasizes “the shared values of a white immigrant heritage”
-Not Yet and Not Quite white ethnics became less specifically ethnic by assimilating into American culture, and by seeking “to be accepted as white rather than as Irish or Polish” –(188)
-Whiteness = Americanism
- Immigrants turned the question of who was foreign to who was white --- (189)
The Irish, who, at home, readily sympathize with the oppressed everywhere, are instantly taught when they step upon our soil to hate and despise the Negro…Sir, the Irish-American will one day find out his mistake.
-Fredrick Douglass, May 10, 1853
Melting pot ideal:
Immigrants abandon foreign Old World traits, assimilate into dominant culture, adopt middle-class values. Irene Na is gay. :P
-White ethnics joined the economic and political system by appealing to traditional concepts of democracy and fair play, by making the case that they were fellow whites
-Their second-generation children helped embody the idea of ethnicity and secure its acceptance by Anglo Americans
-Ethnicity= incorporation and assimilation of European immigrants, whose children and grandchildren experience socio-economic upward mobility.
An ethnic group:
-Possesses some degree of coherence and solidarity
-Is composed of people who are aware of having common origins and interests.
-Is a self-conscious collection of people united, are...