This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ethiopian Red Terror Sociological Review

2017 words - 9 pages

The Ethiopian Red Terror: A Sociological Perspective

The Ethiopian Red Terror took place in the 1970’s after the aristocracy was overthrown. The violent actions were a result of a political power struggle between the Provisional Military Administrative council (Derg), and the Ethiopia People’s Revolutionary Party (EPRP). The Derg began mass killings and imprisonments for anyone they deemed to be counter-revolutionary, to which the EPRP responded with their own violence, which escalated to genocide. This case proves individual in its analysis as the violence was between two groups who came from the same political side that could not agree on the democratic rule of the country. The ...view middle of the document...

The Derg and the EPRP began their conflict over how the democracy should be governed. In order to maintain his power, Mengistu instated a ‘shoot to kill’ policy which marks a shifting point in Ethiopian history where hundreds of people who were suspected to be part of the EPRP were killed, tortured and imprisoned (Tegegn 2012, p.253). The instigation of this policy proves a significant point in the analysis of the Terror as it displays that the Derg were willing to do anything in order to maintain power (Tegegn 2012, p.252). The executions that took place were public figures and activists, where reasonings such as ‘reactionary politics’ and ‘sabotaging the revolution’ were made by the Derg (Tegegn 2012, p.252). The escalation of violence continued and the EPRP began a violent campaign as a response. Understanding of the difficult political struggle that ensued at this time is evident, as the autocracy had already been overthrown and the distinction between the remaining parties was blurred, particularly when distinguishing the ‘counter-revolutionaries’ and the ‘revolutionaries’ of the Derg. The pivotal moment in the Red Terror I argue to be due to the need Mengitsu had to maintain power at all costs. Tareke further concurs with this notion as he believes that Mengitsu would do anything to keep his rule over the masses (Tareke 2008, p.259) and argues this to be fundamental in this case, claiming the Red Terror could have been avoided.

Political violence is a key aspect of the escalation of violence that ensued in Ethiopia. One of the defining features in this case is the justifications that both sides provided as a response to the killing, torturing and imprisonment of others. Not only was there a political struggle between the Derg and the EPRP, but as Toggia (2012, p.266) illustrates, there was instability within the Derg as well, fragmenting the party and the political power it attempted to maintain. The progression of violence was able to happen because of the way the perpetrators justified the violence to themselves and to others. Both the Derg and the EPRP stated that they were acting as ‘revolutionary justice’ and that each of their attacks was only a counter attack as self-defense from the other (Toggia 2012, p.272,274). This legitimisation of violence adds to the understanding of the escalation of violence, however it begs the question of when and how does morality step in. In the present case this is not seen, instead, the Derg responded to the political struggle by altering laws and adding new measures to justify executions and imprisonment to aid their position (Toggia 2012, p.269), thus giving further justification for their violence in a judicial manner. Jalata expands on the alteration of the law to allow violence as a tactic that goes against what should be present in a civilised and humane society (Jalata 2012, p.323).

Extending on this concept, the legalisation of inhumane methods as a tactic to maintain power further...

Other assignments on Ethiopian Red Terror- Sociological Review

Manager Essay

8683 words - 35 pages , J., & Smith, R. (2004). Race, gender and workplace power. American Sociological Review, 69(3), 365-386. Fearfull, A., & Kamenou, N. (2006). How do you account for it? A critical exploration of career opportunities for and experiences of ethnic minority women. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 17(7), 883-901. Focusing on women (2005). Retrieved on 30th November from

Apa Format Essay

6331 words - 26 pages number or URL address.) 14. Include database retrieval information only for sources with limited circulation. 15. Never include a source that is not mentioned in the paper. 16. Lead your reader as closely as possible to your source. Not every source will fit the examples in this guide, so you may need to combine elements from more than one option to create your entry. For more about reference building basics, review this entry from APA Style Blog

Federal Gov

4651 words - 19 pages democracy was more participator (people voted and participated more; many citizens were active. This took place in Areopagitica. * John Milton’s “Areopagitica” said that people should be free and not be punished about what they think about the government. * Less liberal than American democracy 1793 The Frist French republic Louis XVI executed the Terror universal manhood suffrage. This was the first actual democracy. In

Avaition Industry Info

5964 words - 24 pages other modes of transportation   o Frequency of services • Safety   • Random factors such as terror threat The supply drivers of the aviation industry are: • Behavior of competition   • Government regulation   • Cost of resources (fuel, labor, maintenance, technology) Study of the Indian Aviation Industry 1. Overview   1.1 Air Traffic: The Airport Authority of India (AAI

E – Commerce & Value Chain Integration

5479 words - 22 pages * Marketing primarily focused on London market * Ineffective utilization of alliances and partnerships Opportunities * Increased tourism with the improvement of the economy * Alliances and mergers (the future of the industry) * Airline growth post-recovery because of the trimming of the airlines since 2000 * Latin America as a low-terror, high growth potential market * 280 airports within Europe (growth


714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout

2033 words - 9 pages and studied the latest data from principle VC industry analysts to understand why venture capital has fallen so far. How did the industry that made computers ubiquitous, July–August 2010 Harvard Business Review 21 IDEA WATCH What We’re Watching in... With Customers, Any Compliment Will Do... In a simple but striking experiment, students who were identified as would-be clothing shoppers received an overtly flattering flyer from a fictitious

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages department to which he/she wants to practice in. Then if approved it is sent to the Chief Medical officer who will review the application again. If it is found worthy it proceeds up to the board that will review and credential the application to make sure the physician meets their standards and has good qualifications. If they pass the board is the one who has the power the grant staff privileges. All major decisions that have to do with the hospital

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages . | |Course Prerequisites |COMPASS Placement Test or grade of “C” or better in Math 98 or equivalent. | |Course is Expected to |This course is intended for students who lack credit in one year of high school algebra or desire a review of the subject | |Serve |matter


1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Similar Documents

History On World War Ii Essay

1704 words - 7 pages political conflicts. One of the major ideological problems was the Soviet Union, because the Labour Party included many admirers of the Soviet Union.17 Last, Soviet Communism Bolshevik Russia conceived itself in ideological term, brought under the leader Stalin. Stalinism was a regime of terror; however, it attracted powerful support outside its own frontiers.18 The existence of communist introduced permanent discord in Europe, an alliance with

Maoist Failure Essay

2529 words - 11 pages Mao’s reinvention: the destruction of the Capitalist Roader The Great Proletarian Revolution was filled of bloodshed and terror in an attempt for a dictator to regain long lost power. This revolution was to undertake the cleansing of political capitalist roaders trying to undermine Communist China. To do so, Mao needed the support of the masses in which he employed millions of students to begin to find capitalist opposition to his ideas, and

Good Night And Good Luck Essay

1454 words - 6 pages Shortly after the Second World War ended, America was swept into a period of mass hysteria now recognized as the Second Red Scare. This period of time, which occurred from 1947 and lasted until the late 1950s, was popularly known as “McCarthyism.” As the lead proponent who spoke out against communism and subversion in the United States, Senator Joseph McCarthy added fuel to the popular fear by initiating a series of accusations of government

Institutional Theory Essay

6106 words - 25 pages Institutional Economics?, Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 34(2), pp. 317–329. Koelble, T.A. (1995), The New Institutionalism in Political Science and Sociology, Comparative Politics, Vol. 27(2), pp. 231-243. Kraatz, M.S. and Zajac, E.J. (1996), Exploring the Limits of the New Institutionalism: The Causes and Consequences of Illegitimate Organizational Change, American Sociological Review, Vol. 61(5). Moll, J., Burns, J., Major, M. (2006), Institutional