February 10, 2014
Ethical growth is an important instrument needed in today’s society. Virtue, deontological, and utilitarianism theories have similarities and differences. Each theory relates to morals and ethics in precise ways, just as virtue, values, and morality have a precise relationship with one another.
Virtue theory relates to ethics by identifying the character of a person as honorable, dependable, loyal, honest, or as untrustworthy, deceiving, careless, or self-serving. Basically a person is described as “good” or “bad”, or a mixture of both. People develop character throughout life as a mirror image of his ...view middle of the document...
1995-2010). So, what this is saying is that the action that had the more pleasurable result is the morally right choice.
The third and final theory I am going to talk about is deontological ethics. “Deontology is a moral theory that emphasizes one’s duty to do a particular action just because the action, itself, is inherently right and not through any sorts of calculations-such as the consequences of the action” (Boylan, M. 2009). Deontology is frequently contrasted with utilitarianism. “In contradiction to utilitarianism, deontology will recommend an action based upon principle” (Boylan, M. 2009). Deontology derives from the Greek words for duty (deon) and science (logos). This approach describes ethics as right or wrong, and has very little or no middle ground for exceptions.
In order to really understand each of these three theories, it is very important to see and understand the differences as well as the similarities between each theory. The three theories are similar in the sense that there is a morally correct and incorrect option for each decision between two actions. Figuring between right and wrong when practicing virtue ethic theory is decided by the quality of the person making an action. The utilitarianism ethical theory figures out which action is more morally correct and incorrect based on the result of an action. The deontological ethical theory is a principle or rulebook which is used to guide a person and help a person to find out which action is morally correct and incorrect.
An illustration of how these three theories work is when a consumer is given back more change than he or she was suppose to be given. The two options the consumer has to choose from are giving the extra money given back or keeping it. If the consumer follows the virtue ethics theory and...