Ethics Essay

1568 words - 7 pages

Ethics refers to the rules of an environment that an employee has to comply with, along with the rules of society. The concept of ethics has been examined within theories of ethics. Some of the theories include the utilitarian approach, the moral rights approach and the justice approach. Each and every approach has its own weaknesses and strengths.
The utilitarian approach
Some ethicists emphasize that the ethical action is the one that provides the best good, does the least harm or to put it another way, produces the greatest balance of good over harm. The ethical corporate action is the one that produces the greatest good and does the least harm for all who are affected that is the ...view middle of the document...

By considering the consequences as to which action brings more good over harm, the utilitarianism approach considers those actions that bring happiness or greater joy than sadness as the right ethical action. Ethicists argue that an action that brings happiness cannot be said to be wrong thus justifying the utilitarianism approach in the process. On the other end, those actions that bring sadness or discomfort are considered as bad practises in the society.

Greatest good. It follows from above that the right action is the one that brings the greatest good than harm. This practically makes sense as we cannot view an action which brings harm than good as the right one. Utilitarianism seems to be in line with our intuitions that harming people is intrinsically wrong which is true to most societies. It is rare to find a situation where an action that brings more harm than good is considered as the right action. As a result it is plausible to say the action that brings the greatest good than harm is considered a the right action.

Intention. There were many criticisms on the theory as many people felt that the consequences of an action cannot make an action right or justify the action. The view that the utilitarianism approach takes into consideration the intention to bring about greater good, answered the criticisms. Before performing or undertaking a certain action, an individual will try to take an action that brings greater good than harm, hence the intention to do more good than harm justifies the approach. On the other hand, an individual may try to perform an action that he knows will harm someone at the workplace. There is no way that we will ever justify that action to be said to be good than its natural bad.

Preferences. Singer realised that people have different ideas of what happiness is and some do not even choose happiness, instead he thought

that our preferences are important, which is a further improvement to the theory. This means that in an environment the preferences of individuals are considered and those that are favourable replace the general good. Thus an action that brings preferable consequences is considered as right and the action that brings unprofitable consequences is viewed as bad.

Easy to use. The principle of utility can be applied by anyone. We learnt this from our early childhood thus it is easy to weigh what is right against what is wrong. For example, in a certain business, employees and managers can easily weigh up the positives and negatives of a certain action. The application of the approach is straightforward thus it does not need any skills or technics to be carried out. In almost everyday situations people learn to know what is right and what is wrong hence weighing up the positive and negatives of an action will be straight forward.

Weaknesses

The ends do not justify the means. In some situations the balance of happiness over harm does not necessarily justify an action. Suppose I...

Other assignments on Ethics

Ethics Essay

1692 words - 7 pages Northrise University Caravelle House, Buteko Avenue, Ndola ------------------------------------------------- ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Student ID:1200407 | Student Name: Howard Mulamba | Course Code: MGT401 | Course Title: Business and Personal Ethics | Instructor Name: Dr. B. Sichone | Essay/Assignment Title: Unethical Business Practices and Solutions to Unethical Practices | Due Date: | Declaration:I understand that by completing this

Ethics Essay

1541 words - 7 pages I wanted to approach both Kantianism vs. Utilitarianism for those who are not students of ethics words like utilitarianism and Kantianism may sound little foreign but for those are trying to tackle the world of ethics then these two represent important viewpoints. There are many similarities between utilitarianism and Kantianism but some can confuse some people. However, there are important differences between the two philosophies that I will

Ethics

271 words - 2 pages Ethics and Relativism Our text discusses the challenge relativism presents to various ethical and religious viewpoints. Consider a specific moral question which might make it difficult to accept the relativist's response. A relativist’s believes that a practice that a culture adopts and practices and believes to be right determines their course of action. For example if one church practices to donate 10% of all their monetary earnings to the

Ethics - 689 words

689 words - 3 pages Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility in Developing a Strategic Plan   When considering the stakeholders needs, leadership of an organization must evaluate the best interests of the company but also take on their rightful social responsibility not only for their stakeholders but also for the good of society as well.  They cannot limit themselves to specific groups but create a welcoming environment and build relationships with everyone

Ethics - 749 words

749 words - 3 pages Ethics Sheldon Martin MGT/498 Wednesday, July 2, 2014 Donshea Williams Ethics refer to the primary principles of a single or a group. Social responsibility is how a business operates its activities to reach its wider requirements toward the society and environment, such as by dodging activities which may be damaging. Strategic planning is a necessary initial step in the corporate world in which senior management defines the organization's

Ethics - 3009 words

3009 words - 13 pages Ethics in Cyberspace: Have We Seen This Movie Before? DR. THOMAS DONALDSON Monday, February 5, 2001 Wilder Pavilion, Adamian Academic Center Bentley College Waltham, Massachusetts Presenters Njeru Salesio Kinyua: Nduati Paul Njaaga: Toroitich Patrick Kiplimo: Lemuel Mangla: Bryan Egessa: 046485 015118 049063 090716 090524 Introduction       Dr. Donaldson begins by stating that his topic, ethics in

Ethics - 1754 words

1754 words - 8 pages Doug Ventura April 22, 2012 PHL 215 Mia Rowland Paper One A recent proposal to eliminate the ban of selling kidneys so that college students can pay for college has sparked much debate on the ethics of human rights and morality. The question is whether or not selling body parts for money is moral. I will be discussing how Utilitarianism, Kant’s Theory, and Negative Natural Rights theory determine morality and whether each theory deems the

Ethics Essay

716 words - 3 pages ETH/ 316 Ethics Essay Cha Xiong March 12, 2013 Ethics Essay Ethics played a very important role in our lives. While we were growing up, we have been taught on what is right and what is wrong. People from different parts of the world practice different cultures, religions, beliefs, and ethics. Everyone believes that his or her ethical practice is the only one that existed and others should follow. Most of the people still do not

Business Ethics

491 words - 2 pages Why is business ethics important? Please select all that apply. Question options: | 1)  | Business has greater power and influence in society than ever before. | | | 2)  | Business has the potential to provide a major contribution to our societies. | | | 3)  | Business malpractices have the potential to inflict enormous harm on individuals, communities and the environment. | | | 4)  | Business continues to violate ethics

Ethics Essay

878 words - 4 pages Ethics Essay LeeAnn Tedford ETH/316 3/21/2016 Linda Emmele Ethics Everybody has a different upraising making them each have different views on ethics. There are three different types of ethical theories. These types include the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological. Ethical theory deals with how one should behave in relation to someone else. Virtue According to IEP, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, “Virtue

Business Ethics

1977 words - 8 pages Business Ethics Columbia Southern University Business ethics has become a key component in our economic relations and trade industry internationally. Ethics are defined as “how human beings should properly live their lives” (Hartman, DesJardins, & MacDonald, 2014, p. 11). Business ethics are the policies and practices that are applied in the professional or business environment, especially when dealing with controversial issues. The

Similar Documents

Ethics Essay 1391 Words

1391 words - 6 pages Ethics KEY TERM and WHY YOU ARE INTERESTED IN IT Ethics is the key term chosen this week to research, secondary to the significant relevance ethics plays in all aspects of life. As a child, it was emphasized what was right and wrong, good and bad, to be the best one can be, and to make sure the decisions that are made are based on a common set of values and principles. As an adult, the adherence to these values has played a fundamental role

Ethics Essay 367 Words

367 words - 2 pages Ethics and morality are synonymous terms, both meaning customs in each of their original languages, Greek and Latin. However, the term “ethics” also implies character than its counterpart referring to social customs. Ethics is a characteristic of a group within its social context typically expressed in its attitudes, habits or beliefs. Another definition is to be ethical is “to conform to accepted standards consistent with the agreed principles

Ethics Essay 805 Words

805 words - 4 pages his CFO Mark Schwartz did the unthinkable by taking $120 million in bonuses without the approval of Tyco’s directors. They abused an employee loan program, and misrepresented the company's financial condition to investors to boost the stock price. Then he sold $575 million in stock (citation input).  This example shows us that it is essential for business people to uphold their professional values and ethics in their careers. The temptation of

Ethics Essay 465 Words

465 words - 2 pages Write a 350 to 700 word reflective statement that defines your personal ethical viewpoint. Include what you leaned through the ethical lens inventory: * Your preferred ethical lens * Your blind spot * Your strengths and weaknesses * Your values and the resultant behaviors Ethics by definition means “a set of moral principles of one’s relating to or affirming a specified group, field or form of conduct”. The way I view ethics