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Equity Essay

3330 words - 14 pages

Table of content ……………………………………………………….......1
Definition of terms………………………………………………………....2
Introduction……………………………………………………………......3
Task force-vision 2030………………………………………......................4
Challenges facing education in Kenya……………………………………..4
Financing education……………………………………………………......6
Alternative methods of financing education…………………………….....7
Recommendation…………………………………………………………..14
Education task force on free secondary education………………………...15
Conclusion……………………………………………………………….....17
Reference …………………………………………………………………..18

Definition of terms
Education- Education is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills and habits of a group of people are ...view middle of the document...

For example, the secondary school has lost its value as passport to employment and higher institution certificates become essentials. This has continued to push students further up the ladder until the employment of a university graduate appears at the scene. However this does not stop demand for education because the risk involved in investing in more education by individual increase, so do the comparative rewards of the successful (Eshiwani 1993:130).
This ever growing demand for education has led to massive increase in spending in education all over the world. According to Prof. George Eshiwani, third world countries the rate of public expenditure on education has been greater than the increase in total public expenditure, which has in turn exceeded the rate increase of GNP. This has led to the question of how benefiting is education? In return this has led to attempts of making education more efficient. This has led to the emphasis on quality rather than quantity of education.
In most countries school is predominantly financed and provided by governments. Public funding and provisional also plays a major role in higher education.
Increasing primary enrollments in Africa has created a huge pressure to expand secondary and tertiary education; this is due to the demands of the growing middle class for their children's education.
According to All Global Meeting report 2010, between1999 and 2007 the net enrollments ratio in primary education rose from 80% to86% in developing countries. Gross enrollment in secondary schools education went up from 52% to 61% and higher education from11% to 18% , but the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa still lag behind, with same enrollment ratio at only 72%,34% and 4% respectively in 2001
TASK FORCE- VISION 2030 PG-12
EDUCATION SECTOR
Since independent in 1963 the education sector in Kenya has experience rapid expansion. Number of private and public primary schools and secondary schools increased due to increase in population and free primary education.
Article 43(1) (f) of the constitution (2010) makes education a right of every Kenyan and underscores the importance of education in sustainable development.” Declaration of Jomtein conference on education for all of 1990 and Dakar conference of 2000, the Kenyan government adopt the policy of FPE and free day secondary education. Through this the government has realized rapid quantitative expansion of schools and other education facilities.
Challenges facing education in Kenya
Introduction of FPE in 2003 was intended to enable every child access primary education not every child was able to access, many children are still out of school. Also the introduction of free day secondary education was intended to increase enrollments retention and transition from primary to secondary schools.
* Inadequate transition from primary to secondary schools. Inability of the poor to meet education costs for all their children is a barrier to education and...

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