Employee Training and Career Development
January 16, 2014
Dr. Walter Calter
Executive Order 11478
Executive Order 11478 effectively prohibited discrimination in the United States Postal Service, federal civilian workforce of the United States Armed Forces. This executive order prohibited discrimination on the basis of color, race, sex, religion, handicap, age, and national origin. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is responsible for the implementation and directing the Order’s policies and agenda.
Some Supreme Court cases have challenged many of the laws and executive orders in relation to the Executive Order 11478. The Supreme Court case Hampton v. Mow Sun Wong, legal citation: 426 U.S. 88 of 1976 challenged that order. The main argument ...view middle of the document...
The plaintiffs contended the advantages given to citizens is arbitrary and violates the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment and Executive Order 11478, 3 CFR 803. This forbids discrimination in federal employment on the basis of national origin. Justice Stevens affirmed the district court of appeals decision and agreed with the defendants a justification for citizenship requirement may have importance in certain contexts.
The contexts Justice Stevens implied those issues would not only be in the interest of national security but also sensitive classified positions, and required government political positions set forth by the U.S. Constitution.
Strict government hiring procedures are followed in the hiring process for the federal government. The federal government Human Resource (HR) departments have to ensure not violate the Supreme Court ruling through the development of concise guidelines for each position offered. The guidelines for job description need to be created and monitored by one governing department within the federal government. To comply with federal laws and executive orders on employment and employee rights the federal government developed an website. The website is named usajobs.gov. The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is the hiring and regulatory authority for all federal government positions. The OPM regulates all three type of federal government services; the Competitive Service, the Excepted Service, and the Senior Executive Service. The Office of Personnel Management website OPM.gov contains all regulatory hiring procedures, handbooks, and templates to assist the federal government agencies in the hiring process.
DeCenzo, D., & Robbins, S. (2007). Fundamentals of human resource management (9th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
U.S. Office of Personnel Management (2014). https://www.opm.gov