Egocentrism in older adults: Paget’s Three Mountains Task Revisited
Egocentrism may be defined as ‘the error of assuming that one’s subjective impression of a situation equates to its objective reality, or (erroneously) believing that other people’s perceptions and knowledge bases are the same as one’s own.(Stuart Hamilton). The first theory that was described was preschool (3 to 5 years) Imitative vs. . . . . Guilt- Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. The next stage that was defined was school age (6-to 11 years) Industry vs. Inferiority-Children needs to cope with new social and academic demands. These two theories are surrender with Piglet the mountain task ...view middle of the document...
The child is asked the same question but instead ask the view that the doll can see. Children under 8 have trouble with this task which refers to Erikson theory that children need to cope with new social and academic demands. The child basically had to try to determine the angle in which the doll was looking.
There was a test assessed on five age groups that four people conducted. The age group that was assessed was 7,11,21,44, and 76. The last three theories that was described was Young Adulthood (40-65) Intimacy vs. Isolation- Young adult needs to form intimate loving relations. Middle Adulthood (40-65) Generativist vs. Stagnation- Work and parenthood. Maturity (65-death) Generativist vs. Stagnation- Work and parenthood. They had to manipulate display materials to duplicate the experiment viewpoint. Once the experiment was over the oldest group did better than the younger group but however they did worse than the other groups. Ruben argument is that the adults understood the task demands better than the children but the children was able to explain the knowledge more clearly. Once the experiment was over some of the answers were surprising to Piaget. Some of the answers he thought that by adults taking the test that they would have been operating at concrete operational stage.
Overall the experiment that was conduct shows that they understood the experiment but didn’t understand the next level of the experiment. The error that was showed was choosing an alternative answer. The answers that was provided was nearly right but wasn’t right.