Effect Of Border Proximity Schools Imperial Valley

2640 words - 11 pages

Effect of border proximity on school performance in imperial County

abstract

Education in Imperial County, from the elementary to the high school level, always ranks among the lowest in the state. This constant underperformance might be due to the high level of minority enrollment throughout the county. This paper uses census and other government data along with school accountability report cards to show that border proximity negatively impacts the performance of a school. While economic and immigration factors are probably not the only reason for this, this paper uses state testing reports and population demographics to compare the schools side by side and account for the difference ...view middle of the document...

All of them have a single school district. This paper will also take into account the economic dependence of the area with the Mexican border city of Mexicali, which shares a border with Calexico.

The remainder of this paper is as follows. Section 2 will provide a brief history of the Imperial Valley and the main employment sectors. It will present and compare income levels in the area with those of California. This will lead to Section 3 that will examine the differences in academic achievement between Calexico, El Centro, and Brawley. Although other socio-cultural factors are sure to be part of the equation regarding constant underperformance, this paper will solely consider population demographics and school test scores to come to the conclusion that border proximity negatively affects academic performance. Finally, Section 4 will provide a conclusion and propose possible topics for further analysis of the area.

2. Imperial County

2.1 County Overview

Imperial Valley County is located on the southeastern border of California, with Mexico bordering to the south, Arizona to the east, Riverside County to the north, and San Diego County to the west. The population as of 2010 stands at 174,528, up 22.4% since the year 2000, with 80.4% Hispanic or Latino. The area experienced a population growth of 30% from 1990-2000.
The region is a desert, with summer temperatures reaching up to 115 degrees. The city of Mexicali is to the south, sharing an international border with Calexico with about 60,000 people crossing each day through its two entry points. While Mexicali is considered prosperous by Mexican standards, Imperial County has a large population living under the poverty rate. However, Mexicali is the state capital and has a number of resources an area like the Imperial Valley lacks. With a population of over one million, Mexicali provides museums, a zoo, nightclubs, restaurants and an international airport. It receives a significant number of American tourists due to the lower drinking age of 18, and it also provides a lot of medical and dental services due low prices in comparison with American services. Most doctors and dentists in Mexicali are concentrated within walking distance of the main port of entry.

Figure 1: Imperial County Map

2.2 Analyzing the three main cities: Calexico, El Centro, and Brawley

Calexico, El Centro, and Brawley are the three main cities in Imperial County. The area is largely made up of immigrants, with 45% of the population identifying as foreign born in Calexico, 35% in El Centro, and 24% in Brawley . Imperial County has a significantly higher poverty rate compared to the state. The area saw itself severely affected at the time of the housing crisis. Many workers switched from agriculture into higher paying construction jobs at the peak of the bubble; this likely attracted many new immigrants. However, a large number of...

Other assignments on Effect Of Border Proximity Schools Imperial Valley

Forestry Of Ny Essay

4773 words - 20 pages northeastern United States. Average January temperatures range from 15.8 to 33.8 degrees Fahrenheit and 66.2 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit in July. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year and most parts of the State receive about 40 inches annually. Variation in topography and proximity to bodies of water causes large climatic variations and these deviations have created distinct ecological zones, which are home to a complex web of biological

None Yet Essay

297 words - 2 pages Budget Reduction Suggestions • bounce back provision to increase retirements • break up AMPS and offer “ala carte” AMPS • charge for permits to use buildings • clean buildings every other day • close buildings at 5 p.m. • close buildings for inservice/records day (teachers work from home) • close Spring Valley and move to KV • computerize time-keeping of classified • cut EPD from EHS • cut one

Strayer Pad500 Assignment 1

1300 words - 6 pages is facing it seems safe to say that the governmental agencies of The Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Customs and Border Patrol Protection, Citizenship Immigration Services and various other offices under the control of the Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services are in need of new and or altered constituent policies which would enable

Bullfighing

1557 words - 7 pages puts the bullfighter at risk of being trampled or gored by the bull. After hooking the bull several times behind the shoulder, the bullfight ends with the killing of that bull using a single sword thrust called the Estacada (For a Bullfighting-free Europe, 2011). Ecology Many bulls are bred and kept in semi-preserved land areas called dehesas. The dehesas are home to many protected animals like the imperial eagle and cared for as an area of

Agilent

824 words - 4 pages Agilent was spun off from Hewlett-Packard Company in 1999 as part of a corporate realignment that created two separate companies. We broke records on November 18, 1999, as the largest initial public offering (IPO) in Silicon Valley history. Agilent’s roots date back to 1939, when Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard started the company that helped shape Silicon Valley and the technology industry. The two founders are renowned for their visionary

Fostering Physical Activity In Children

1365 words - 6 pages ethical considerations, employing scientific approaches and methods to answer qualitative research questions, observe and conduct interviews, collect and analyze data and report. In addition, other data was looked at with the end result being a mixed method approach. Two preschools were chosen that are within proximity of each other and therefore close in overall resources, family structure/incomes and environments. Each of the two schools had

School Environment

1000 words - 4 pages can’t afford to send their children to private school could have the alternate of sending them to a charter school that gives the same quality of education. Charter schools did not exist before 1990. A child’s learning environment will have an effect on the level of education they receive. Sending your child to a public school were the quality of teaching is low because of not enough teachers is the bottom line for a child to be guaranteed an

Gke1

342 words - 2 pages Discuss the rise of imperialism or colonialism in ONE area of the world. Southeast Asia Beginning in the 1860’s the French government had expanded its reach into Indochina. Its reasoning for colonization in Indochina was twofold, imperial rivalry with Great Britain and the oldest reason of all, profit. For more than a century, the British had been expanding their colonies through out most of the world. In an effort not to be outdone, the

The Real Issue In America

769 words - 4 pages require one? In Ships in the Night, Graff explains, “No self-respecting educator would deliberately design a system guaranteed to keep students dependent on the whim of the individual instructor. Yet this is precisely the effect of a curriculum composed of courses that are not in dialogue with one another.” (290) A perfect example of the political set up in America comes from The One World Schoolhouse. “Far too many bright, motivated kids are being

Borders Files Bankruptcy, Is Closing Up To 275 Stores

3896 words - 16 pages environment, the industry environment has a more direct effect on the firm’s strategic competitiveness and ability to earn above-average returns. The Five Forces Model can be used to analyze the industry environment. Terms | Explain | Examples | 1. Threat of new entrants | In order to compete with the superstores of the Border, the entry barriers were very high in 1990s. | The AmazonPacific Equity Partners | 2. The power of suppliers | With

School Funding Issues

294 words - 2 pages schooling available. This is good because parents can put their children where their education needs can be met. However, this can also be bad for funding here in Oklahoma schools. Oklahoma’s education board picks one day closer to the beginning of the year to count each school’s enrollment number. They get paid for every one of those students whether they stay there all year or not. This is a negative effect on Oklahoma’s schools because if a

Similar Documents

Upload1 Essay

6579 words - 27 pages irresponsible; his person is sacred. Art. 6. The  liberty of the members of the Imperial Ottoman Dynasty, their property, real and personal, ad their civil list during their lifetime, are under the guarantee of all. Sovereign Rights of the Sultan Art. 7. Among the sovereign rights of His Majesty the Sultan are the following prerogatives: - He makes and cancels the appointments of ministers; he confers the grades, functions and insignia of his orders

International Political Economy Essay

285 words - 2 pages nternational political economy (IPE), also known as global political economy, is an academic discipline within the social sciences that analyzes international relations in combination with political economy. As an interdisciplinary field it draws on many distinct academic schools, most notably political science and economics, but also sociology, history, and cultural studies. The academic boundaries of IPE are flexible, and along with acceptable

Poli 102 Essay

2830 words - 12 pages . Additionally, Latino and Asian immigrants joined an existing community of Latinos in urban Los Angeles and its surroundings further moderating the conservatism of the area. The Central Valley has economic and settlement roots in agriculture and was predominantly a conservative Democratic area; however this has changed with migration of whites from the coastal regions of California and increases in Republican registration are more common. The region

Maquiladoras Essay

2062 words - 9 pages the Mexican economy. According to a speaker at a 2003 conference pertaining to the downturn of maquilas in Mexico, there ae about 26,000 United States companies that “supply maquiladoras with machinery, raw materials and components” (Canas, Coronado & Gilmer, 2004). The effect that maquiladoras have had on areas such as the border have been positive, as laborers from the interior of Mexico migrate to areas in search of these job opportunities