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Educaton And Policy Essay

3131 words - 13 pages

Education inequalities and achievements
In this essay different in educational achievements of social groups including class, gender and ethnicity as well as difference in achievement caused by out of school factors and in school factors will be discussed.
Education has had a huge impact to peoples lives and there is a significant difference in the educational achievement based class, ethnicity and gender. A child`s social background has a huge impact on the success in education and their life in future. On average children from middle class families perform well in school, get better GCSE results, stay longer in full time education than children from the working class families. Majority ...view middle of the document...

Statistics show that in 2004 the percentage of students in year 11, the grades achievement by ethnicity for 5 GCSE`s or more were Chinese 85%, India 72 %, whites with 55%, Bangladeshi 45%, Pakistani 37% and blacks with 34%. (DFE 2012) There is also an important class difference within ethnicity, middle class children perform better than working class children. However the ethnic group are working hard and achievement are improving and overall working class white students are performing at the lower level among the entire ethnic group. According to Stephan Hasting (2006) white student’s progress lower between11 and 16 than Blacks and Asians and probably will become the worst in the whole country (webb, r et al 2008).
There is enough evidence to show that girls are doing better than boys in educational attainment. This begins at the primary school and gap appears to widen out in secondary school and statistics show that also happening in important stages of their education. Based on the assessment children are done on beginning school found that girls had the highest result on all test. Girls do extremely better than boys in key stage 1-3 especially in English although boys may tend to do better in maths and science but overall girls perform better. At GCSE level the attainment for 5 or more GCSE is 10 % higher in girls than boys. Girls are more likely to pass AS and A level with higher grades for example 95.8% girls passed 2 or more A levels as opposed to 94% boys in 2006 with girls getting grades A, B and C in maths, science and physics which are meant to be boys subject. The A level score for states school on average is 295 for girls compared to 274 for boys, this trend continuing even in vocational course with girls achieving more distinctions than boys (webb, r et al 2008)
External factors or outside school factors that have affect educational attainment focuses on material deprivation, cultural deprivation, and cultural capital. Material deprivation can be linked to poverty or lack of necessities like housing, diet or finances. Poor housing conditions include, over crowding, short tenancy, dampness, temporary accommodation that contribute to psychological distress to a child. Poor diet, which leads to poor nutrients, will affect child health, lower stamina hence absence from school. Lack of finances mean that may children will lack access to educational equipment like Internet and books. Hansley (1980) argued that lack of finances led to children from the working class background not to continue with school after 16 and there is a high dropout rate in higher education for students with low-income background. (Maloney2010). Mortimer and Whitty (1985) argued the material factors have greater impact on achievement than school factor. External factor also focuses on the social class background where working class children suffer from cultural deprivation whereby they lack the skills and knowledge to succeed. Cultural deprivation theorists...

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