WESTERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY
CAN EXTREME POVERTY BE ELIMINATED
A REACTION PAPER #3 SUBMITTED TO THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF SSED 495:
METHODS OF ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES;
TEACHING WITH GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
DEPARTMENT OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION
FEBRUARY 28, 2012
In Jeffrey Sachs article: Can Extreme Poverty Be Eliminated, he discusses how extreme world poverty affects about one-sixth of the world's 6.5 billion people, can be practically eliminated by 2025 at a cost much lower than most people realize. “Famine, death from childbirth, infectious disease and countless other hazards ...view middle of the document...
But more recent aid targeted to development has achieved results such as the Green Revolution in Asia, the elimination of smallpox, and the near-eradication of polio. Much of Africa, landlocked countries of Asia, and the Andean and Central American highlands have problems with lack of rainfall, high transportation costs, inability to attract foreign investment, and flight of skilled workers. Suggested solutions include bed nets and indoor pesticides and better medicines for malaria in Africa, and drip irrigation and greater use of fertilizers, improving transportation with paved highway networks, airports, and fiber-optic cables for communications. Improved education, sanitation, water quality and health care are also needed. Present total U.S. international aid, which includes government and private aid, is around 0.21 percent of GNP, which is among the lowest ratios of all donor nations, Sachs writes. He advocates that much aid be given directly to villages and towns to minimize misappropriation by government. Aid should be provided according to a "detailed and monitored plan and new rounds of financing would be delivered only as the work actually got done."
Sachs and his colleagues from the United Nations Millennium Project created a plan to halve the rate of poverty and decrease hunger, disease, and environmental degradation by 2015 and in his book “The End of Poverty” he concludes poverty could be eliminated by 2025. Doctors today know that each patient has their own unique conditions and proper treatment should be individualized. Economists need to follow the doctor’s examples and create an individual plan for each country’s economic development.
In the past poverty was blamed on race and culture and more recently on corruption. Sachs states, that they do influence poverty but there are other factors that are more important. Geography which includes natural resources, climate, topography and proximity to trade routes and markets is one, but can be offset with technology. Another is economic growth and distribution of the wealth. This requires improvements in infrastructure, health, education and scientific and technological innovations.
To prove his theory, Sachs compares Asia to Africa over the past five decades. Asia had the Green Revolution in the 60s and the 70s and introduced higher grain yields, irrigation, and fertilization, which ended the cycle of famine, disease, and despair. It also created more manufacturing jobs, giving people more money for health care, nutrition and education. Africa did not have the same advantages that Asia had. Africa has irrigation and rainfall shortages that have caused the continents food production per person fall. They also are still are dealing with tropical diseases like malaria and transportation cost due people living inland away from ports and trade routes.
The United Nations Millennium Project has developed a list of required investments that an impoverished region needs; basic needs in...