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Ebola Essay

357 words - 2 pages

Amanda Fauzea Ghaisani
FKM UI 2013

​Ebola, merupakan suatu penyakit hemorrhagic fever yang disebabkan oleh virus Ebola. Penyakit tersebut menyerang sistem kekebalan imun pada manusia. Virus Ebola menyebabkan penyakit akut yang apabila tidak ditangani secara tepat akan menimbulkan akibat yang fatal.
​Ebola mempunyai masa inkubasi (rentang waktu dari terjadinya infeksi sampai menimbulkan gejala awal) sekitar 2 sampai 21 hari. Manusia tidak dapat menularkan penyakit tersebut sampai muncul perkembangan pada gejala- gejala yang ada dalam tubuh. Gejala awal pada penyakit ebola adalah individu merasakan demam ...view middle of the document...

​Berdasarkan penelitian epidemiologi, kelelawar dalam famili Pteropodidae merupakan host alami dari virus tersebut. Ebola menular pada manusia melalu kontak langsung dengan darah, sekresi, organ atau cairan tubuh lain dengan binatang yang terinfeksi seperti simpanse, gorilla, kelelawar, monyet, antelope dan landak yang sakit atau mati di hutan hujan tropis. Transimisi penyakit antar manusia juga dapat terjadi apabila ada kontak langsung dengan individu yang terinfeksi atau meninggal akibat penyakit tersebut.
​Penyakit tersebut pada awalnya terjadi pada tahun 1976 di dua wilayah yaitu Nzara, Sudan dan Yambuku, Republik Demokrasi Kongo. Pada Maret 2014, terjadi wabah yang paling besra sejak awal ditemukan virus Ebola, yaitu di wilayah Afrika Barat. Wabah yang terparah terjadi di wilayah Guinea, Sierra Leone dan Liberia akibat wilayah tersebut mempunyai sistem kesehatan yang sangat lemah dan kekurangan akan sumber infrastruktur. Karena wabah yang terjadi ini, Pada 8 Agustus 2014, WHO menetapkan Ebola sebagai “Public Health Emergency of International Concern”. Dimana penyakit tersebut merupakan kejadian luar biasa yang beresiko untuk menyebabkan epidemi pada dunia.


1. WHO (2014) Ebola Virus Disease [online], available from :
2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) [online], available from:

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