This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Dzadz Essay

1441 words - 6 pages

|1958-1962 : une nouvelle République | |
| | |

La IVe République, qui devait incarner le retour à la démocratie et à la légalité républicaine, ne dure que douze années. Marquée par des problèmes de fonctionnement institutionnels, elle ne résiste pas aux conflits liés à la décolonisation, en particulier à la guerre d'Algérie.
La crise de mai 1958 provoque une refonte de la constitution et la mise en place d'un nouveau régime conçu par et pour De Gaulle. La nouvelle constitution rompt de manière profonde avec la précédente et conduit à de ...view middle of the document...

Au moindre désaccord, les coalitions explosent, provoquant la chute du gouvernement. La question de la décolonisation va ainsi renforcer l'instabilité ministérielle.

b. La crise du 13 mai 1958

Le contexte de la guerre d'Algérie précipite la chute de la IVe République (voir fiche La guerre d'Algérie). Le 13 mai 1958, une manifestation est organisée par les colons à Alger. Ils tiennent à honorer la mémoire des soldats français tués par le FLN.
Ce même jour est annoncé à Paris l'investiture d'un nouveau président du conseil, Pierre Pfimlin. Celui-ci est connu pour être partisan d'une solution négociée avec le FLN. Pour les colons, cette position signifie que le gouvernement envisage peut-être l'indépendance de l'Algérie, ce qui à leurs yeux, est inacceptable.
La manifestation se radicalise et les insurgés établissent à Alger un Comité du Salut public qui traduit la rupture avec la politique du régime. Afin de défendre une Algérie française, ils réclament le retour du Général de Gaulle au pouvoir.

c. La prise du pouvoir par De Gaulle et la fin de la IVe République
| |

Figure emblématique de la Résistance et de la Libération, le général de Gaulle bénéficie d'une image positive auprès des Français. De par son statut de militaire, il apparaît, aux yeux des Pieds-noirs d'Algérie, comme un partisan de la lutte contre le FLN et donc un partisan du maintien de la souveraineté française. Par ailleurs, De Gaulle a toujours manifesté son opposition au régime de la IVe République, jugée trop faible.
En 1946, hostile au projet de constitution instituant cette république, il démissionne du gouvernement provisoire. Il apparaît donc, dans ce climat insurrectionnel, comme l'homme providentiel.
Le 15 mai, De Gaulle se déclare « prêt à assumer les pouvoirs de la République ». Malgré l'inquiétude de parlementaires de gauche qui craignent un coup de force et la mise en place d'un pouvoir autoritaire, De Gaulle rallie à lui une majorité d'hommes politiques. Le 29 mai, René Coty charge donc celui-ci de former un nouveau gouvernement. De Gaulle pose néanmoins une condition : sa prise de fonction doit conduire à un changement de constitution et donc de régime. C'est une large majorité qui investit le nouveau et dernier président du Conseil le 1er juin 1958. Deux jours plus tard, une loi constitutionnelle autorise le gouvernement à réviser le fonctionnement des institutions. C'est la fin de la IVe République.

2. La constitution de 1958 : un nouveau régime républicain

a. L'objectif de De Gaulle

Hostile au fonctionnement de la IIIe République, De Gaulle définit sa conception du fonctionnement des institutions à l'occasion d'un discours prononcé à Bayeux le 16 juin 1946. Il souhaite une fonction présidentielle renforcée avec un « chef de l'État, placé au dessus des partis ». L'échec de la IVe République est lié selon lui...

Other assignments on Dzadz

Course Syllabus Essay

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management Essay

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages Should physician-assisted suicide be legal? While I believe if one chooses to end his or own life through physician assistance for reasons that they chose, the choice should be up to the individual. Physician-assisted suicide should be at one's discretion. “Assisted Suicide, also called Voluntary Euthanasia, is currently a contentious issue in many countries. Because Euthanasia is legal in a few modern democracies: the Netherlands, Belgium

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one


1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages The short story ”The Penis” is written by Hanif Kureishi. The short story is about a penis, which has been separated from its owner Doug, who we hear from later on. At first though we hear about a guy called Alfie who was “a cutter – a hairdresser – and had to get to work”. He is having breakfast with his wife, when she asks him what he did last night, and if he had a good time last night? Alfie can not remember what he did last night, he then

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of care


439 words - 2 pages The life expectancy is lower; so people are not kept alive with drugs for decades in a virtual sleep state. There is less state education; so kids don't have it drilled into them that their only goal in life is to make money, at the cost of 'everything' else. The health care is less; so diseases, usually brought by Westerners, kill many more than they do in countries where drug companies can make a fortune from selling medicines that aren't

Chapter 6 International Business

7113 words - 29 pages CGGGG The Political Economy of International Trade Chapter Outline OPENING CASE: Why Are Global Food Prices Soaring? INTRODUCTION INSTRUMENTS OF TRADE POLICY Tariffs Subsides Country Focus: Subsidized Wheat Production in Japan Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraints Local Content Requirements Administrative Polices Antidumping Policies Management Focus: U.S. Magnesium

Scope And Goals

279 words - 2 pages Introduction: Kudler Fine Foods is a specialty food store based in San Diego, California with its three locations in La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Kudler Fine food prides itself on offering fresh and organic products that are carefully selected from local farmers and around the world. The organization has recently taken the initiative to start a Frequent Shopper Program to market and increase sales. This program will offer the customers a


251 words - 2 pages Meerkat The meerkat or suricate, Suricata suricatta, is a small mammal belonging to the mongoose family. Meerkats live in all parts of theKalahari Desert in Botswana, in much of the Namib Desert in Namibia and southwestern Angola, and in South Africa. A group of meerkats is called a "mob", "gang" or "clan". A meerkat clan often contains about 20 meerkats, but some super-families have 50 or more members. In captivity, meerkats have an average

Similar Documents

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress New Thinking, Research in Progress FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and