Diving Drinking Debate Essay

2678 words - 11 pages

The Divine Drinking Debate:

Biblical Alcohol Use and How it Relates to Today’s American Culture

Mary Van Winkle

Religious Studies 023

Fall 2004

Temperance as an American Cultural Issue
The use of alcohol among conservative Christians in America has been a hotly debated topic for years. It began with the Women’s Crusade in 1873-74, the Anti-Saloon League in 1893 and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, movements against businesses that sold alcohol and the gambling and prostitution that sometimes went hand-in-hand. Their momentum culminated in 1920 as the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified prohibiting ...view middle of the document...

It is served daily with meals, and offered in a diluted fashion to children. Public drunkenness is considered unacceptable, and drinking is not considered to be a problem.
Although Protestants in America have historically been and are currently the moving force behind American temperance movements, there are divisions among the ranks. There exists what we could call the “black and white” group who believe that every action under the sun is either “wrong or right” and the Bible directly or indirectly addresses every action. This group clearly sees drinking alcohol as a sin. Among other groups, where the major doctrines of the Bible (such as the death, burial and resurrection of Christ) are paramount, the minor details of daily life are left to be decided upon between the individual and his/her God. The controversy boils down to those who espouse total abstinence from alcohol (prohibitionists) vs. those who believe in the permissibility of the use of alcohol in moderation (moderationists). This paper will compare both sides of the debate as it summarizes articles written by theologians from both camps.
The Prohibitionist Viewpoint
For the prohibitionist viewpoint, we will turn to Samuele Bacchiocchi who has written an article in two parts -- first dealing with the use of “wine” in the Old Testament and then dealing with its use in the New Testament. As Dr. Bacchiocchi begins looking at Scripture, he admits that the Bible appears to contradict itself on the subject of drinking. In some verses, the Bible completely condemns the use of wine, while in other verses, it heartedly approves its use as a blessing from God for people to enjoy. For example, Proverbs 20:1 is referenced as a verse that condemns the use of alcohol, “Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.” The author then uses Genesis 27:28 as an example of wine being given as a blessing from God, “May God give you of the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine.”
Bacchiocchi states that moderationists would resolve this conflict by arguing that the Bible condemns immoderate use of alcohol and commends its moderate use. This is based on the assumption that the Bible only knew of one type of wine, fermented wine. Thus, moderationists feel the Bible does not speak out against the type of wine consumed, rather it is concerned with the amount of wine consumed. The author states that this argument is without merit, because he feels that Scripture both condemns and commends wine itself, irrespective of the quantity used. He uses verses like Proverbs 23:31-32 to assert that fermented wine is always prohibited, “Do not look on the wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it swirls around smoothly; at the last it bites like a serpent, and stings like a viper.”
What it all boils down to in Bacchiocchi’s viewpoint is the meaning of the word “wine”. He investigated...

Other assignments on Diving Drinking Debate

Course Syllabus Essay

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management Essay

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages agree that these options should include high dose pain medication if needed, cessation of life-sustaining therapy, voluntary cessation of eating and drinking, and terminal sedation. We also believe, however, that physician-assisted dying, whether it is called physician-assisted death or physician aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide, should be among the options available to patients at the end of life." ProCon.org. (2009, March 13

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one


1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages , who has been seen by billions of people world wide. In spite of the fact that those people only contributed in one season of a show, where they got known from drinking forty shots. It is the same with Doug: “He believed he was entitled to the gratitude and respect that comedians, singers and political impersonators received.” One day it all might be over though, Doug think that it is over for him when he finds out his penis is gone: “ If he

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of care


439 words - 2 pages The life expectancy is lower; so people are not kept alive with drugs for decades in a virtual sleep state. There is less state education; so kids don't have it drilled into them that their only goal in life is to make money, at the cost of 'everything' else. The health care is less; so diseases, usually brought by Westerners, kill many more than they do in countries where drug companies can make a fortune from selling medicines that aren't

Chapter 6 International Business

7113 words - 29 pages prompt a strong debate among students. Some students will probably suggest that the costs in terms of lost wages and benefits associated with free trade outweigh the benefits that would be gained. Other students however, will probably argue that since protectionism typically benefits only a few at the expense of others, while free trade generates greater economic growth and higher wages, a free trade policy should be followed. Teaching Tip

Scope And Goals

279 words - 2 pages Introduction: Kudler Fine Foods is a specialty food store based in San Diego, California with its three locations in La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Kudler Fine food prides itself on offering fresh and organic products that are carefully selected from local farmers and around the world. The organization has recently taken the initiative to start a Frequent Shopper Program to market and increase sales. This program will offer the customers a


251 words - 2 pages Meerkat The meerkat or suricate, Suricata suricatta, is a small mammal belonging to the mongoose family. Meerkats live in all parts of theKalahari Desert in Botswana, in much of the Namib Desert in Namibia and southwestern Angola, and in South Africa. A group of meerkats is called a "mob", "gang" or "clan". A meerkat clan often contains about 20 meerkats, but some super-families have 50 or more members. In captivity, meerkats have an average

Similar Documents

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and