July 5, 2015
Depression is an illness that many American’s suffer from. 40 million adults in the United States suffer from depression (National Institute of Mental Health). People that have depression often feel sad, hopeless, worthless, ashamed, or guilty. They often lose interest in activities that they once found to be pleasurable. A person with depression may have trouble completing their daily activities. Those that suffer from this terrible illness often have thoughts of suicide. There are a few myths of depression. Many believe that those that suffer from depression are crazy. There are some people that believe that ...view middle of the document...
Low levels of norepinephrine can lead to low energy, loss of interest, or even loss of motivation. Dopamine is what helps keep a person interested in something. Dopamine helps a person anticipate and experience a feeling of success. When dopamine is blocked, a person will become unmotivated, hopeless, and lose the capacity for experiencing pleasure.
Diagnosing depression is different than diagnosing a common cold. For a physician to effectively diagnose depression, the physician must hear all of the patient’s symptoms. A physical examination will tell the physician all about the patient’s physical health; an actual conversation will go a long way to helping a physician make the proper diagnosis. The physician will conduct tests like a physical examination, personal interview, and lab tests. The physician will also discuss the patient’s family history of depression or any other mental illnesses. The physician will ask questions about how the patient feels. This will also include any symptoms of depression. Physicians use symptoms to determine if you have depression. According to webmd.com a patient must have at least five symptoms such as , sadness, change in appetite, insomnia, restlessness, or feelings of hopelessness before a physician will diagnose a patient with depression. In addition to the above mentioned tests, a physician will order a complete blood count, (BCB), or test a patient’s thyroid to make sure that it is functioning properly. This physician will do a psychological evaluation to check for signs of depression. In order for a patient to be diagnosed with major depression, the patient must meet the symptom criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). There are other conditions with symptoms that mimic depression. A qualified physician will help a patient determine if the symptoms of depression are caused by another condition.
The conditions that cause depression are adjustment disorder. An adjustment disorder is a severe reaction to a difficult time in your life. Bipolar disorder is a disorder that is characterized by mood swings. These mood swings can be extreme highs to extreme lows. Cyclothymic disorder is a disorder that a person has highs and lows, but they are not as severe as bipolar disorder. Persistent depressive disorder is a less severe form of depression. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is depression symptoms associated with the hormone changes that come a week before and get better a few days after the period begins. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder where children with ADHD can have loss of interest, or sadness.
When a person is depressed it is easy to see how they would feel like it is the end of the world for them. Depression is treatable. Learning about treatment options will help a patient and their physician decide on the right approach for them. There is no one size...