A p r i l 15, 1961
Migration from East Pakistan (1951-1961)
(Contributed) It is obvious from the phenomenal increases in' the populations of Assam, West Bengal and Tripura in the 1961 Census that they have received migrants from East Pakistan. What has been the extent of this migration? This question will not be satisfactorily answered until Indian Tables relating to sex, age, birthplace, periods of continuous residence, and a few other characteristics are available. Hut the. Provisional Population Totals, district by district are now available and the Population Census Commission of Pakistan has also published with commendable promptitude its Census' Bulletin No. L The provisional totals published for each district in East. ...view middle of the document...
however, better than West Pakistan's or Pakistan's as a whole. Yet the former's decennial rate of g r o w t h has been appreciably lower than West Pakistan's. A scrutiny of the district figures of East Pakistan w i l l show whether or not the g r o w t h rate has been u n i f o r m l y lower than the average for West Pakistan, or whether there are districts of exceptionally l o w g r o w t h w h i c h have depressed what m i g h t have been a higher average for East Pakistan. It w i l l appear from Table 2 that 8 out of a total of 17 districts have Table 2: Districts of East Pakistan Arranged in Decreasing Order of Percentage Growth, 1951-61 District Population (000V) Percent THE each shown an increase more than the decennial average for Pakistan as a whole, and a n i n t h is very close to i t . It is, therefore, clear that if the r e m a i n i n g eight districts of East Pakistan had shown an average increase of 25 per cent, or that which obtains for West Pakistan, the decennial average increase for Pakistan w o u l d have p r o b a b l y exceeded 25 per cent. The homogeneity of the population of East Pakistan would o r d i n a r i l y argue in favour of a f a i r l y u n i f o r m rate of natural growth and f a i l to e x p l a i n the current sharp troughs and crests f r o m one district to another unless we assume that the districts w i t h appreciably low rates of increase, have suffered f r o m out-migration d u r i n g the decade. Let us find out what the population in the last eight districts in Table 2 w o u l d have been in 1961 had they grow n at a u n i f o r m rate of 25 per cent d u r i n g 1951-61. The States of Assam and West Bengal and the U n i o n T e r r i t o r y of T r i p u r a have shown unprecedented increases in their p o p u l a t i o n d u r i n g 1951.61. The figures are shown