introduction to short stories
what is a short story?
- focuses on one event and has a limited number of characters
- depend on the following literary elements theme, setting, character,plot
- the time and location in which a story takes place is called the setting
a) place- where is the action of the story taking place?
b) time- when is the story taking place?
c) weather conditions- is it rainy, sunny, stormy,etc?
d) social conditions- what is the daily life of the characters like?
e) mood or atmosphere- what feeling is created at the beginning of the story? is it bright and happy or dark and scary?
-there are two types of main characters that one present in a short story:
-a theme is the central message or purpose of the short story
a) believe in yourself
b) people are afraid of change
-plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story
For example, if i have to support one child until university, it will cost a lot of money.
Also I like to travel and make more personal connections. therefore, if i don’t have money i can’t travel.
would you enjoy being famous?
no, I wouldn’t enjoy being famous because i wouldn’t have any freedom.
For example when i go outside i am aware of the way other people are looking at me. this is similar to the way we look at hollywood celebrities,
we think they are enjoying life and having fun but i don’t think so because paparazzi always follow celebrities and they don’t have privacy. also they not equal to normal people
because if normal people make some mistake it isn’t a big problem but if a celebrity makes a mistake it will be a big issue and so i wouldn’t want to be famous.
characteristics of a person may be revealed through:
- physical appearance
- words, thoughts, feelings. dreams
- comments of other characters
- direct statements from the author
character may be
- round: true to life with many personality traits
- dynamic:go through a change or development in the story, usually because something happens to them
- flat:stereotyped, have one or two characteristics that never change and are emphasized (ex. brilliant detective, drunk, cruel stepmother)
- static- does not change throughout the story
point of view
- point of view is the angle form which the story is told.(who is telling the story?)
- types of point of view:
a) third person: the narrator does not participate in the action of the story as one of the characters, but lets us know how the characters feel. (EX: “HE/SHE/THEY”is used)
b) first person: the narrator participates in the action of the story.(EX: “I” is used)