LEGAL ASPECTS OF MANAGEMENT
Mr. Maneesh Yadav
Ankita Bhatnagar (JL12PGDM030)
Computers and their use is a day to day activity of all the students, professionals, teachers, Universities, banks, Supermarkets, in the entertainment field, in medical profession and also in higher education. The use of this Weapon is spreading very widely in all parts of our society. As every weapon has two ways of operation. One is good and essential and the other are bad and not essential. Many times, whenever a new weapon is invented, many people use it unknowingly for the wrong purpose. So to aware them and to make the proper use of ...view middle of the document...
But he will not be liable for the offence under the IT Act, 2000. But this act would be classified as the cyber crime. Another example which can be seen is that, suppose a person cheats another person using the Internet. Then he shall be liable for cheating under section 420 of IPC but not under the IT Act, 2000. But his act would be commonly called as a cyber fraud but it can not be classified as the cyber crime. Cyber crimes can be classified as follows.
(a) Old crimes, committed on or through the new medium of the Internet. For example, cheating, fraud, misappropriation, defamation, pornography, threats, etc. committed on the Internet or through the Internet or with the help of internet, would fall under this category. These crimes are old but their place of operation is new, i.e. the Internet. The Internet with its speed and global access has made these crimes much easier, efficient, risk free, cheap and profitable to commit. These can be called as crimes “on” the Internet. (b) New crimes created with the Internet itself, such as hacking, planting viruses and IPR thefts. These can be called as the crimes “of” the Internet. (c) New crimes used for commission of old crimes. For instance, where hacking is committed to carry out cyber frauds. Computer crimes have also been classified by the nature of the usage of the computer. (a) Proper computer crimes such as hacking where a computer and network are essential for the commission of the offence. (b) Computer assisted crimes such as cyber pornography where the medium of the internet is used. (c) Crimes where the computer is only incidental for commission such as cyber fraud.
Though the IT Act, 2000 specifically defines and punishes only a few cyber crimes, it recognizes that there are other cyber crimes of cyberspace which are provided in the Indian Penal Code, 1860. It was perceived by out legislators that many of the offences in IPC ceased to apply cyberspace because the definition of “document” did not include within its domain “electronic records”. Hence it was found necessary by our law makers to modify the various provisions of IPC by specifically making “electronic records”.
Cyber law refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of internet and the World Wide Web. Cyber space is governed by a system of law and regulations called cyber law. Cyber law is needed because of the following reasons
(a) Today millions of people are using the internet all over the world. Because of global communications, internet is misused for criminal activities which require regulation. Today many disturbing and unethical things are happening in the cyber space which are known as cyber crimes. People with intelligence and having bad intensions are misusing the aspect of internet.
Software piracy is unauthorized duplication, distribution and use of computer software. Copying of the software without purchasing it is known as pirating the software and such a copy of...