Culture is one of the basic things in life. Whether when we are working, dealing with people, spending time with family or even doing our daily routine. Culture is learned since we were born, no matter we as human realized the differences or not. Culture is the full range of learned behaviour patterns that are acquired by people as members of a society like in a family. A culture is a complex, interrelated with anything that consists of the knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs, skills, and habits learned from parents and others in a society. Culture is the basis of transparent material of adaptation for humans.
The word culture itself comes from the Latin term pronounce as ...view middle of the document...
Maintaining direct eye contact at earlier of the greeting and whenever in conversation is also essential is important, as it demonstrates to your American colleagues your interest and sincerity.
The exchanging of business cards is a casual affair in the US. Americans regard business cards as a resource for future information. It may be done either during introductions or when leaving.
During negotiations, it is important to remember that the aim of most business discussions in the US is to arrive at a signed contract. Americans consider negotiations as problem-solving situations based on mutual benefit and personal strengths.
When doing business in the US, parties will be expected to adhere to rules and guidelines that related US business counterparts must also follow. Company policy and business procedures such as legally binding contracts, are aspects of American business culture that require strict compliancy to avoid uncertainty.
Centralized vs. Decentralized Decision Making
In some societies, top managers make all important organizational decisions. This is called as centralized decision making. This type of decision making requires all subordinates to refer to top manager to solve problem, approve all changes as well as response to any circumstances. Implementing centralization in a firm might brings disadvantage in the management. For example during the critical time such as bidding at an important auction. Top manager cannot be at two different places at one time. Centralization is also time consuming as subordinate will have to wait for the superior to make small decision which supposedly can be made by lower level manager. This kind of decision making will only cause bottleneck to firm upper management as they have to response to many problem at a time. This will eventually reduce effectiveness and efficiency.
On the other hand, others countries such as US, implement that these decisions are diffused throughout the enterprise, and middle- and lower-level managers actively participate in and make key decisions. This means all employees must participate in decision making process in that particular firm. It is also known as decentralization decision making. In case of any problem occurs lower managers can quickly response to it without waiting the upper level to make decision. Most of US companies has been using this strategy to increase their firm effectiveness and efficiency and reducing time wasted.
Somehow, some of these Americans company believe that negotiations and final decisions in the US are frequently made by one person who has chief authority. Team negotiations are rarely carried out in American companies due to this belief.
Individual vs. Group Rewards
Reward systems are one feature in a firm that contribute to their overall culture. Depend on how reward systems were developed, administered, and managed; they can cause the culture of a...