Critical Review of Pablo Picasso’s Guernica
Pablo Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. Constantly updating and mastering his style, he was known as the pioneer of cubism (“Pablo Picasso Biography”). By his death in 1973, over twenty-two thousand pieces of wok have been documented (“Pablo Picasso and his Paintings”).
The Life of Picasso
Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso was born in 1881, in Spain. Pablo Picasso, as he known by, was the son of Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter and art teacher with whom Picasso studied under until he was thirteen ...view middle of the document...
It revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature, and architecture. Cubism rejected the concept that art should copy nature and traditional technique. By reducing and fracturing an object into a geometric form at contrasting points, it c emphasized the two-dimensionality of the canvas (Rewaid).
The period from 1910 to 1912 is often referred to as “Analytical Cubism.” Right angle and straight-line construction was favored, but some areas of the painting could be more sculptural. A monochromatic color scheme suited the complex views of the object that would overlap itself. Works after 1912 was defined as “Synthetic Cubism.” These paintings showed strong combination of the forms in the picture. The shapes remained fragmented and flat, but with more color. Foreign objects like newspaper and wrappers were added o the canvas to develop a contrast between smooth and rough surfaces (“Cubism”).
In 1937, Picasso painted Guernica, a political reaction to the Nazi’s devastating bombing of Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. The oil painting, standing eleven feet by twenty-five feet tall, depicts the tragedies and suffering inflicted on the civilians in shades of blue, black, and white. It was received as a monumental anti-war symbol and ultimately an embodiment of peace. Guernica ultimately helped bring the Spanish Civil War to societal attention (“Guernica, 1937…”).
In the painting, Picasso combined both “Analytical” and “Synthetic” cubism. It has a consistent theme of tragic death and dying. Emphasis of the physical destruction of the war can be seen in the characteristic distorted eyes, ears, noses, tongues, and feet. Iit was received as the bull representing modern tyranny and the Spanish dictator, General Francisco Franco, who collaborated with Hitler and Mussolini. The Horse was interpreted as death of a...