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Criminal Justice Essay

418 words - 2 pages

Introduction to Corrections
Michele Lira
CJS/230
May 16, 2012
James Pepin

Development of Corrections
Before the 1800’s there really wasn’t any women prisons. Jails before the 1800’s had often
treated women exactly as they treated men. The numbers of women in custody were very small-
often just a handful among a much larger number of male prisoners. “Corrections The
Fundamentals, author: Foster, Burk. Pg.32, par.4”. The women were mixed with male prisoners,
and supervised by male jailers. The prisons began to change in the early 1800’s because of a
woman by the name of Elizabeth Gurney fry. She began a ministry for ...view middle of the document...

She made the prisons
environments look more like a middle-class home. The first prison for women only was called the
Indiana State Reformatory which was established in 1873.

The three basic arguments that were established in the 1800’s that supported the separation
of juvenile’s from adults were, (1) The penitentiary regimen was too hard on tender youth, (2)
Juveniles would learn bad habits from older criminals and be embittered by the experience of
confinement, and (3) Adolescents could be reformed if they were diverted early enough into
institutions designed specifically for people their age. “Corrections The Fundamentals. Author:
Foster, Burk. Pg.34, par.4”.

If there was no distinction between prisons for juveniles and adults then the juveniles
would not have a chance to reform. The juveniles would learn bad habits from older criminals.
There would not be a house of refuse to keep juveniles out of jail. They would not have training
schools for boys and girls. The purpose of prison labor was to get prisoners to be focus on time
and energy productivity, keeping them busy in unpleasant and traumatic surroundings. What
caused the decline of prison labor was the war ended so there was no use for prisoners to work
anymore. Plus the increase in inmate idleness, placed a greater strain on vastly outnumbered the
security forces and the increased but burden on taxpayers as revenues from the prison labor and
that also is what caused the decline of prison labor.

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